Unit 1 World Geography and Cultures Midterm

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Renewable Resource

A supply or stock that can be reused or resupplied

Embargo

A ban on trade

Ethnic Group

Group of people who share common ancestry, language, religion, customs, or a combination of such characteristics.

population

The number of people living in a certain area.

Subsistence farming

Producing just enough food for a family or a village to survive

communism

society based on equality in which workers control industrial production

command economy

system of resource management in which decisions about production and distribution of goods and services are made by a central authority

developing country

a country in the process of becoming industrialized

Urbanization

the movement of people from rural area's into cities

Culture hearth

a center where cultures developed and from which ideas and traditions spread outward

federal system

a form of government in which powers are divided between national government and the state or provincial government

tariff

A tax on import or export

free trade

the removal of trade barriers so that goods can flow freely between countries

migration

the movement of people from place to place

culture

way of life of a group of people who share beliefs and similar customs

oligarchy

system of government in which a small group holds power

natural increase

the growth rate of a population; the difference between birth rate and death rate

birthrate

the number of births per year for every 1,000 people

death rate

the number of deaths per year per 1,000 people

doubling time

the number of years it takes a population to double in time

population distribution

the pattern of population in a country, a country, or the world

cultural diffusion

the spread of new knowledge and skills from one culture to another

EU

European Union

NAFTA

North american free trade agreement

GATT

General agreement of tariffs and trade

ASEAN

the association of southeast asian markets

information revolution

Use of new technologies such as the telephone, radio, television, computers, the Internet, automated databases, and remote sensing satellites to enable people to have increasingly rapid access to much more information on a global scale.

Industrial Revolution

the transformation from an agricultural nation to an industrial nation

Agricultural Revolution

The time when human beings first domesticated plants and animals and no longer relied entirely on hunting and gathering

absolute monarch

ruler with complete control over the government and the lives of the people.

Republic

a political system in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who can elect people to represent them

nonrenewable resource

a resource that cannot be replaced

social class

a group of people with similar backgrounds, incomes, and ways of living

Autocracy

government by one person having unlimited power

Democracy

a political system in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who can elect people to represent them

Monarchy

state ruled over by a single person, as a king or queen

Oligarchy

form of government in which a few people have the power

Unitary system

a government that gives all key powers to the national or central government

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