factors of production
land, labor, and capital; the three groups of resources that are used to make all goods and services
manufacturing process in which each worker does one specialized task in the construction of the final product (Mastered by Henry Ford)
the manufacture of products in the home
system of consolidating (combining) many firms in the same business to maximize profit
practice in which a single manufacturer controls all of the steps used to change raw materials into finished products
invented by Edward Cartwright , it speeded up the production of textiles
invented the waterwheel; used waterpower to improve yarn production
The process of consolidating small landholdings into a smaller number of larger farms in England during the eighteenth century.
Frank and Charles ______ made the first practical motorcar
Italian electrical engineer known as the father of radio
Swedish chemist remembered for his invention of dynamite and for the creation of an internatinonal peace or scientific award
to change an economy to rely more on manufacturing and less on farming
most versatile inventor, invented the phonograph, the moving picture and the light bulb
should be proper and practice etiquette; not living on their own and joining the workforce
a machine produced by James Hargreavs in 1765 to mass produce thread
an industry that produces cloth items and was the first industry to use machines for manufacturing
young mine worker whose job was to separate coal from slate rock
A title for a special job in the mines, which perfectly suited younger, smaller children, who would fit into tiny spaces and push carts full of minerals
a combination of firms or corporations formed by a legal or informal agreement, especially to reduce competition or maximize profit
the nationwide economic system made possible by improvements in the transportation and communication network
Tediously repetitious or lacking in variety
Any of a group of British workers who between 1811 and 1816 rioted and destroyed laborsaving textile machinery in the belief that such machinery would diminish employment.
a method of production that brought many workers and machines together into one building
The transformation of farming that resulted in the eighteenth century from the spread of new crops, improvements in cultivation techniques and livestock breeding, and consolidation of small holdings into large farms from which tenants were expelled...this all led to a SURPLUS of food that could support larger towns and cities
the inputs into the production of goods and services that are provided by nature, such as land, rivers, and mineral deposits
The system of growing a different crop in a field each year to preserve the fertility of the land.
Land management is involved when humans think about and choose certain ways to use land that have less negative effects on the environment and more positive effects on production, transportation, and general use.
(1674-1741) British farmer and inventor, created the mechanical seed drill to aid in planting.
the human practice of breeding animals or plants that have certain desired traits
Inventor of the cotton gin and innovator in the use of interchangeable parts.
(1736-1819) Improved upon Newcomen's steam engine. His steam engine would be the power source of the Industrial Revolution.
This invention allowed impurities to be removed from iron ore and production to speed up 15x.
iron that had not had its impurities removed
Workshop of the World
what great Britain called itself during the industrial revolution
invented the flying shuttle; allowed weavers to work twice as fast
an organization of workers that have banded together to achieve common goals such as better working conditions
English engineer who created a process of producing steel, in which impurities are removed by forcing a blast of air through molten iron.
a tire made of reinforced rubber and filled with compressed air, invented by Dunlop in 1885
A skilled British Mechanic who memorized the textile mill machine plans and brought them into America.