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2.5= 16 matching definition (may get 2 wrong) 3 = 18 written definition (may get 2 wrong) 3.5 20 written both (may get 2 wrong)

factors of production

land, labor, and capital; the three groups of resources that are used to make all goods and services

Assembly Line

manufacturing process in which each worker does one specialized task in the construction of the final product (Mastered by Henry Ford)

domestic economy

the manufacture of products in the home

horizontal integration

system of consolidating (combining) many firms in the same business to maximize profit

vertical integration

practice in which a single manufacturer controls all of the steps used to change raw materials into finished products

Power Loom

invented by Edward Cartwright , it speeded up the production of textiles

Richard Arkwright

invented the waterwheel; used waterpower to improve yarn production

Enclosure Movement

The process of consolidating small landholdings into a smaller number of larger farms in England during the eighteenth century.

Duryea

Frank and Charles ______ made the first practical motorcar

Marconi

Italian electrical engineer known as the father of radio

Nobel

Swedish chemist remembered for his invention of dynamite and for the creation of an internatinonal peace or scientific award

Industrialization

to change an economy to rely more on manufacturing and less on farming

Edison

most versatile inventor, invented the phonograph, the moving picture and the light bulb

Ideal woman

should be proper and practice etiquette; not living on their own and joining the workforce

spinning jenny

a machine produced by James Hargreavs in 1765 to mass produce thread

Textile Industry

an industry that produces cloth items and was the first industry to use machines for manufacturing

Breaker boy

young mine worker whose job was to separate coal from slate rock

Hurrier

A title for a special job in the mines, which perfectly suited younger, smaller children, who would fit into tiny spaces and push carts full of minerals

Trust

a combination of firms or corporations formed by a legal or informal agreement, especially to reduce competition or maximize profit

National Market

the nationwide economic system made possible by improvements in the transportation and communication network

Monotonous

Tediously repetitious or lacking in variety

Luddites

Any of a group of British workers who between 1811 and 1816 rioted and destroyed laborsaving textile machinery in the belief that such machinery would diminish employment.

Factory System

a method of production that brought many workers and machines together into one building

Agricultural Revolution

The transformation of farming that resulted in the eighteenth century from the spread of new crops, improvements in cultivation techniques and livestock breeding, and consolidation of small holdings into large farms from which tenants were expelled...this all led to a SURPLUS of food that could support larger towns and cities

Natural Resources

the inputs into the production of goods and services that are provided by nature, such as land, rivers, and mineral deposits

Crop rotation

The system of growing a different crop in a field each year to preserve the fertility of the land.

Land management

Land management is involved when humans think about and choose certain ways to use land that have less negative effects on the environment and more positive effects on production, transportation, and general use.

Tull, Jethro

(1674-1741) British farmer and inventor, created the mechanical seed drill to aid in planting.

Selective breeding

the human practice of breeding animals or plants that have certain desired traits

Whitney, Eli

Inventor of the cotton gin and innovator in the use of interchangeable parts.

Watt, James

(1736-1819) Improved upon Newcomen's steam engine. His steam engine would be the power source of the Industrial Revolution.

Puddling furnace

This invention allowed impurities to be removed from iron ore and production to speed up 15x.

Pig Iron

iron that had not had its impurities removed

Workshop of the World

what great Britain called itself during the industrial revolution

John Kay

invented the flying shuttle; allowed weavers to work twice as fast

Union

an organization of workers that have banded together to achieve common goals such as better working conditions

Henry Bessemer

English engineer who created a process of producing steel, in which impurities are removed by forcing a blast of air through molten iron.

Pneumatic Tire

a tire made of reinforced rubber and filled with compressed air, invented by Dunlop in 1885

Samuel Slater

A skilled British Mechanic who memorized the textile mill machine plans and brought them into America.

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