Prentice Hall Biology: Chapter 21

19 terms by belle326 

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i'm going in reverse order with these... well kinda... I mean I'm doing chapter 21, then 22, then prob going backwards from there... =]

chitin

complex carbohydrate that makes up the cell walls of fungi

fruiting body

slender reproductive structure that produces spores and is found in some funguslike protists

hypha

tiny filament that makes up a multicellular funfus or a water mold

mycelium

many hyphae tangled together into a thick mass; compromises the body of multicellular fungi

sporangiophore

specialized hyphae where sporangia are found

sporangium

structure in ferns and some fungi that contains spores

ascus

structure within the fruiting body of an ascomycete in which two nuclei of different mating types fuse

ascopore

haploid spore produced within the ascus of ascomycetes

basidiospore

spore in basidiomycetes that germinates to produce haploid primary mycelia

basidium

spore-bearing structure of a basidiomycete

budding

asexual process by which yeasts increase in number

conidium

tiny fungal spore that forms at the tips of specialized hyphae in ascomycetes

gametangium

gamete-producing structure found in black bread mold

rhizoid

in fungi, a rootlikw hypha that penetrates the surface of an object

stolon

in fungi, a stemlike hypha that runs along the surface of an object

zygospore

resting spore that contains zygotes formed during the sexual phase of a mold's life cycle

lichen

symbiotic association between a fungus and a photosynthetic organism

mycorrhiza

symbiotic association of plant roots and fungi

saprobe

organism that obtains food from decaying organic matter

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