Latin and Greek Root Words

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Anatomy class Latin and Greek root words

a (an)

Without, not
acephalia

ab

of, off, away from
abduct

acro

extremity
acromegaly

ad

to, toward
adduct

adeno

gland or glandular
adenoma

adipo

fat
adipose

are, aero

related to air or oxygen
anaerobic

ala, alaris

wing (pertaining to a wing)
alar notch

alba

white
linea alba

-algia

pain
neuralgia

ambi

both
ambidextrous

ana

again
anatomy

angi

vessel
angiogram

ankon

elbow
anconeal

ankylo

bent
ankylosis

annular

ring
annular

ante

before
antemortem

anti

against
antibiotic

aqua

water
aqueous

arthro

joint
arthritis

articularis

jointed
articular

auris, ariculo

ear, little ear
auricular mm.

auto

self
autograft

bi

two
biped

bio

live
biology

blast

germ, bud
osteoblast

blepharo

eyelid
blepharospasm

brachi

arm
brachium

brachys

short
brachycephalic

brady

slow
bradycardia

brevis

short
peroneus brevis

buccal

cheek
buccinator

bulla

blister
tympanic bulla

bursa

wine skin
bursitis

capit

head
decapitate

cant

angle, corner
canthus

cardio

pertaining to the heart
epicardium

cauda

tail
caudal

cec

blind
cecum

cephalic, cephalo

head
hydrocephalicus

cervix

neck
cervical

chondros

cartilage
chondroblast

clast

to break
osteoclast

cleido

collar bone
clavicle

coccyg

tail
coccyx

coele

hollow
blastocoele

col, colo

colon
colitis

commisure

joining together
commission

con

with, together
concurrent

conch

shell
concha

contra

against, opposed
contralateral

coracoid

crow-like
coracoid process

corn

horn
cornual process

cortico

bark, shell, rind
cortex

corona

crown
coronary

costal

rib
intercostal

coxa

hip
os coxae

cranium

head
neurocranium

cruci, crux

cross
cruciate

crus

a leg-like part
crural

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