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Gavin World History period 1

Imperialism

policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries politically, economically, or socially

Racism

the belief that one race is superior to others

Social Darwinism

the application of Charles Darwin's ideas about evolution and "survival of the fittest" to human societies- particularly as justification for imperialist expansion

Berlin Conference

a meeting at which representatives of European nations agreed upon rules for the European colonization of Africa

Boer

a Dutch colonist in South Africa

Boer War

a conflict in which the boers and the British fought for control of territory in South Africa

Paternalism

a policy of treating subject people as if they were children, providing for their needs, but not giving them any rights

Assimilation

a policy in which a nation forces or encourages a subject people to adopt its institutions and customs

Negritude Movement

a movement in which Africans celebrated their heritage of traditional African culture and values

Apartheid

South African policy of complete legal separation of the races, including the banning of all social contacts between blacks and whites

Colony

a country or territory governed internally by a foreign power

Protectorate

a country or territory with it's own internal government but under the control of an outside power

Sphere of Influence

an area in which an outside power claims exclusive investment or trading privileges

Economic Imperialism

an independent but less developed country controlled by private business interests rather than other governments

Afrikaner

white South Africans, descended from the Dutch colonists

Federal System

a system of government in which power is divided between a central authority and a number of individual states

Martial Law

a temporary rule by military authorities over a civilian population usually imposed in times of war or civil unrest

Dissident

an opponent of a government's policies or actions

Mau Mau

a secret society made up mostly of Kikuyu farmers determined to win back the lands seized by British settlers in Kenya

African National Congress

a political party, founded in 1912 as an African nationalist movement and banned there from 1960 to 1990 because of its active opposition to apartheid

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