American Government Unit 1 Vocabulary

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Anarchy

lack of gov, chaos

Bourgeoisie

soc class in Marxism/Communism that profits from the Proletariat; the "haves" or owners of factories

Bureaucracy

all unelected gov workers

Capitalism

4 Broad Principles:
1. Free Enterprise: choose own work/profession
2. Private Ownership of the Means of Production: anything that makes or owns anything is owned by private individuals
3. Profit Motive: ppl should be free to enjoy rewards of labor
4. Competition: struggle b/w companies to sell goods/services; lower prices and better products

Communism

Marxist-Leninist Theory; gov controls everything
1. Econ View of History: struggle b/w haves and have nots, Bourgeoisie and Proletariats
2. Labor Theory of Value: cost and labor of product = selling value

Confederate Gov

central gov weak, local gov strong

Democracy

rule by the ppl; free elections

Direct Democracy

sys of gov which all eligible voters make every decision

Fascism

hated Communism, but was essentially the same; Hitler and Mussolini

Federal Gov

balance of authority b/w central and local gov; if conflict arises, central gov wins

Indirect Democracy

elect ppl to make decisions for the ppl

Laissez-Faire Capitalism

keep gov out of economy

Monarchy

gov in which ruler's power is hereditary (one ruler)

Nation-State

pol unit w/ defined territory, organized under gov and enforces/makes law

Oligarchy

rule by a few

Parliamentary Leadership

Leader: Prime Minister; usually a Parliament

Presidential Leadership

executive and legislative branches separate

Proletariat

soc class in Marxism/Communism taken advantage of by the Bourgeoisie; workers and laborers

Republic

Democracy - power to citizens who vote for officials, they are responsible to them

Socialism

Economic system advocates for gov ownership of means of production

Sovereignty

free to make own decisions; 1 of 4 concepts of nation

Totalitarianism

total power to an individual or small, elite group

Unitary Gov

authority in the central gov with local gov weak (China, France)

Market Economy

econ sys where gov role is small

Command Economy

econ sys where gov role is large

CIS

Commonwealth of Independent States, replaced USSR in 1991

EU

European Union, an economic confederacy with no central body

Euro

official currency of EU

Constitution

plan, often written, which details rules and functions of gov

Prime Minister

leader of a Parliamentary Gov

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