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Hematological Disorders Test

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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. Moderate Anemia
  2. Secondary Polycythemia
  3. pancytopenia
  4. Hypochromic cells
  5. Sickle Cell Anemia (Diagnostics)
  1. a an abnormal deficiency in all blood cells (red blood cells and white blood cells and platelets); usually associated with bone marrow tumor or with aplastic anemia
  2. b Chronic hypoxia, increased erythropoietin and RBC
  3. c 6-10 g/dl
    Cardiopulmonary symptoms; at rest as well as w/ activity. ex: increased palpitations, dyspnea @ rest, fatigue, etc.
  4. d CBC: increased WBC, platelets, serum iron levels, decreased RBCs. reticulocytosis, ESR
    Hb electrophoresis, HbS, Hb-L/N
    Blood Smear; (+ or -)
  5. e erythrocytes appear pale because of abnormally low hemoglobin content

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. plasma protein; converted to thrombin in the clotting process
  2. possible triggers; strenuous exercise, increased altitude, cold, vasoconstrictive drugs.
    Manifestations: dark/bloody urine, irritability, pale, lethargy, severe pain, low-grade fever, tissue anoxia
  3. blood test to determine certain coagulation activity defects and to monitor anticoagulation therapy
  4. is the number of platelets in a given volume of blood. Both increases and decreases can point to abnormal conditions of excess bleeding or clotting.
  5. a group of slow-growing blood cancers, in which large numbers of abnormal red blood cells, white blood cells, or platelets grow and spread in the bone marrow and the peripheral blood.

5 True/False Questions

  1. Aplastic Anemia
    Common: weakness, fatigue, infections, enlarged lymph nodes, spleen and liver, bone pain, oral lesions


  2. MPV (Mean platelet volume)is a measurement of the average size of your RBCs. When elevated your RBCs are larger than normal (macrocytic), When decreased, your RBCs are smaller than normal (microcytic)


  3. MelenaNOT a disease, a manifestation, Reduced number or size of the red blood cells


  4. Conversion of folic acid, absorption of iron
    (Essential Nutrients for RBC production)
    B12: Meats,Liver
    Folic Acid: green leafy veggies, meat, fish,grains


  5. Other Solutes (found in blood)Ions, Nutrients, Waste products, Gases, Regulatory substances


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