Blood chapter 11

41 terms by Adelk11

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agglutinate

antibodies causing antigens to clump or stick together

anemia

deficient number of red blood cells or deficient hemoglobin

antibody

a substance produced by the body that destroys or inactivates an antigen that has entered the body.

antigen

a substance that, when introduced into the body, causes the formation of antibodies against it

aplastic anemia

blood disorder characterized by a low red blood cell count, caused by destruction of myeloid tissue in the bone marrow.

basophil

a granular white blood cell with granules that secrete heparin & histamine.

buffy coat

a thin light colored layer of white blood cells and platelets than lie between a top layer of plasma and red blood cells

carbaminohemoglobin

the compound formed by the union of carbon dioxide with hemoglobin

embolism

obstruction of a blood vessel by foreign matter carried in the bloodstream

embolus

a clot or air bubbles carried in the bloodstream that obstructs when it lodges

eosinophil

a granular (leukocyte) white blood cell that defense against parasites

erythroblastosis fetalis

severe anemia in newborn babies, a disease that made develop when a RH-negative mother has a antibodies and gives birth to an RH-positive baby and antibodies react with the RH-positive cells of the baby

erythrocyte

red blood cell & has no nuclei

fibrin

insoluble protein in clotted blood

fibrinogen

soluble blood protein that is converted to insoluble fibrin in the clotting process

hemogloblin

iron containing protein in the blood.(carries oxygen in the red blood cells)

hematocrit

volume percentage of red blood cells in the blood

hemorrhagic anemia

Disorder: Anemia due to excessive bleeding, Decreased in oxygen carrying capacity in blood caused by bleeding.

heparin

The liver produces this to thin the blood;, Prevents blood clotting

leukemia

cancer characterized by an increase in abnormal white blood cells

leukocyte

white blood cell

leukocytosis

abnormal increase in the number of white blood cells

leukopenia

an abnormal lowering of the white blood cell count

lymphocyte

type of white blood cell that produces antibodies that help destroy pathogens

macrophage

phagocytic cells in the immune system

monocyte

a granular single cell; defense phagocytosis

neutrophil

a granular (leukocyte) white blood cell that defense phagocytosis

oxyhemoglobin

hemoglobin combined with oxygen

pernicious anemia

A decrease in red blood cells that occurs when the body cannot properly absorb vitamin B12 from the gastrointestinal tract.

phagocyte

a cell that engulfs and digests debris and invading microorganisms

plasma

liquid portion of the blood

plasma protein

Fibrinogen, Globulin, Albumin, serveral proteins found in blood plasma

polycthemia

an excessive number of red blood cells

prothrombin

a protein substance in the blood that is essential to the clotting process

prothrombin activator

a protein formed by clotting factors from damaged tissue cells and platelets; it converts prothrombin into thrombin, a step essential to forming a blood clot

serum

blood plasma minus clotting proteins and cells; still has antibodies

sickle cell anemia

Red blood cells shaped in cresent and cant carry oxygen as quickly, causing anemia and death

thrombin

protein important in blood clotting

thrombocyte

(blood clotting cell) plays a role in blood clotting & another name for platelet

thrombosis

formation of a blood clot in a blood vessel

thrombus

a stationary blood clot and stays in place where it formed.

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