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Which of the following are goals of lifting and moving patients

All of these

Which one of the following factors should be considered prior to lifting any patient?

All of these

Which of the following should you do when reaching for something?

All of these.

You are assessing a 55-year-old male complaining of chest pain and have determined that his radial pulse is barely palpable. You also determine that there were 20 pulsations over 30 seconds. Based on this how would you report this patient's pulse?

Pulse 40 and weak

Which of the following patients does NOT require the administration of supplemental oxygen?

A 24-year-old woman who is breathing 28 times per minute after being in an argument with her husband

A medical identification tag or card such as a Medic Alert bracelet can give you information about which of the following?

All of these

Your patient is a motorcyclist who was ejected from his vehicle due to striking a guard rail. The patient is unresponsive to painful stimuli and is breathing six to eight times per minute. Which of the following should you do first?

Use a bag-valve-mask with supplemental oxygen.

You are ventilating a 55-year-old male patient with a stoma. Which of the following is NOT necessary?

Head-tilt chin-lift

Which of the following is true concerning the procedure for inserting a nasopharyngeal airway?

The bevel should be turned toward the nasal septum.

A patient being transported by ambulance to the hospital can have his blood pressure measured by which of the following methods?

Any of these

Which of the following is NOT considered a sign of illness?

Chest pain

Which of the following may result from delivery of ventilations that are more forceful than necessary?

All of these

On which of the following types of calls should you bring your portable suction unit to the patient's side upon arrival on the scene?

All of these

You have arrived at the scene of a call for a "man down." As you enter the residence you note that your patient is a male in his mid-60s who is awake but does not seem to acknowledge your presence. He is perspiring profusely has cyanosis of his ears and lips and has rapid shallow respirations. Which of the following should you do first?

Assist ventilations with a bag-valve-mask and supplemental oxygen.

Which of the following characteristics of the patient's pulse should the EMT be concerned with checking?

All of these

All of the following EXCEPT which one can result in an inaccurate oxygen saturation reading?

All of these

To deliver high-flow oxygen to a breathing patient which of the following is the best device?

Non-rebreather mask

At what point should the ongoing assessment be performed?

Upon completing patient interventions

You have been called for a patient who has overdosed on drugs and alcohol. The patient is responsive to painful stimuli and is breathing 8 times a minute but exhibits no cyanosis. You would recognize and do which of the following?

Inadequate respirations initiate positive pressure ventilation with supplemental oxygen.

Your patient is an unresponsive 40-year-old woman. Which of the following should you do first?

Perform a rapid physical exam.

When assessing a patient with a medical complaint which piece of information will be obtained first and will serve to guide the order of the exam after the initial assessment has been completed?

Level of consciousness

You have been dispatched to a residence for an 89-year-old female with an unspecified complaint. When assessing this patient which of the following will the EMT need to determine first to get a better picture of the situation?

Determine if the complaint is medical- or trauma-related.

A first responder informs you that a 59-year-old female is responsive to verbal stimuli. Which of the following presentations would you expect?

The patient's eyes are closed but she will wiggle her fingers when told.

The "D" in DCAP-BTLS stands for:

Deformity.

Your patient has been hit in the arm with a baseball during practice. He is alert and oriented complaining of pain to his left arm with obvious black discoloration of the skin. Which of the following best describes this patient's injury?

Contusion

Which of the following patients would be considered the lowest priority for care of the four patients listed?

72-year-old man complaining of leg pain for a week

The EMT recognizes that for a trauma patient who is alert and oriented he would obtain the SAMPLE history during what component of patient assessment?

Focused history and physical exam

The EMT understands the importance and reason for forming a general impression about the patient when he makes which of the following statements?

"Forming a general impression provides me with a rough idea of the patient's status."

For which of the following patients would a focused physical exam be appropriate?

A 28-year-old man complaining of a rash on his legs

En route to the hospital you start the ongoing assessment of a 22-year-old trauma patient. You would begin this assessment by:

Repeating the initial assessment.

Which of the following is NOT a consideration that should be used by the EMT in establishing the size of the danger zone?

The amount of equipment needed

You have just arrived on the scene of a motor vehicle collision in which a compact car was struck from behind by a delivery truck. The driver of the delivery truck is standing outside his vehicle talking to police when you arrive but the driver of the car is still seated in the driver's seat. You have noted moderate damage to the rear of the car. For which of the following injuries should you have the highest level of suspicion?

Neck injury

You are interviewing a prospective candidate for the position of EMT with your service. During the interview you ask the applicant to describe the purpose of the initial assessment. Which statement made by the applicant indicates a proper understanding of the initial assessment?

"The purpose of the initial assessment is to identify and treat life- threatening conditions."

Your patient is a 29-year-old female who was the front seat passenger in a vehicle that was struck in the passenger's side door by a vehicle that ran a red light. Which of the following is most likely to have occurred?

The patient's body was pushed forcefully out from under her head causing injury to the cervical spine.

Forming the general impression is generally completed during which phase of patient assessment?

Initial assessment.

A fall is considered severe anytime the patient has fallen from a height more than ________ times the height of the patien

three.

Which of the following observations made during the initial assessment indicates the best methods by which to assess the adequacy of a patient's breathing?

Looking at the rise and fall of the chest.

The EMT recognizes that the most pertinent source of information for a responsive medical patient with a specific chief complaint and no known prior medical history is obtained from the

Patient.

You are alone in the back of the ambulance where you are ventilating an apneic patient. Which of the following is the best way to manage the ongoing assessment?

Continue ventilating the patient during transport and skip the ongoing assessment.

When assessing a conscious trauma patient's circulation during the initial assessment the EMT's assessment would include:

Radial pulse skin temperature presence of external bleeding.

As you enter the room of a 64-year-old female with shortness of breath you hear snoring respirations. Your immediate action when you reach her side would be to:

Perform the head tilt-chin lift.

Which of the following is true concerning scene size-up?

The need for additional resources must be determined on both medical and trauma calls.

When you are caring for a patient with either a medical complaint or traumatic injury you would typically perform the detailed physical exam:

While transporting the patient to the hospital.

You are assessing a patient who overdosed on a medication and has a decreased level of consciousness. Which of the following is a concern to the EMT regarding the decreased level of consciousness and potential airway occlusion?

Relaxation of the tongue.

At which of the following points should you begin your scene size-up?

As you approach the scene in the ambulance

An 18-year-old female with a history of diabetes twisted her right ankle while playing volleyball. She is alert and oriented and states that the pain is excruciating. The initial assessment is complete and yields no life-threatening conditions. Your next action would be to:

Assess the right ankle and foot.

Where might you find a patient's medical alert identification jewelry?

All of the above.

A patient has fallen through a large plate glass window. As you approach you note the patient to be sitting up holding his hand over a large laceration that is spurting bright red blood. On arrival at the patient's side you would immediately:

Apply direct pressure to the laceration.

You are performing the rapid trauma exam and assessing a patient's chest. Which of the following findings would you most associate with fracture of the ribs?

Paradoxical chest wall motion.

When assessing the breath sounds of a critical trauma patient it is best to auscultate in at least how many places?

4.

You arrive on the scene of a motor vehicle collision and are presented with a patient complaining of chest pain after striking his chest on the steering wheel. He is alert and oriented and has a patent airway. His respirations are 24 with good chest rise and fall and his skin is warm and dry. Immediately after completing the initial assessment the EMT would:

Provide oxygen via a nonrebreather mask.

The oxygen flow rate for a nasal cannula should not exceed ________ liters per minute

6.

The primary purpose of establishing the mechanism of injury in a trauma patient is to determine which of the following?

Transport priority.

Mrs. Butler is a 66-year-old woman who is complaining of chest pain. Which of the following questions would be best in helping you determine if the pain is radiating?

Are you having pain anywhere besides your chest?.

Which of the following methods should be used to have a patient rate the amount of pain he is having?

Have the patient rate the pain on a scale of 1 (least) to 10 (worst).

What can the EMT do to detect hazards at or near the scene of a call?

All of the above.

An intoxicated patient iscomplaining of a severe headache and large hematoma to the left side of his face after being accidentally struck with a baseball bat. In this situation being struck with the baseball bat would be the:

Mechanism of injury.

You are on the scene of a tanker truck versus passenger vehicle collision on a rural highway. The vehicles are just beyond a curve in the roadway and there is a distinct odor of diesel fuel. It is dark and there is little traffic. Which of the following should be used to alert oncoming traffic to the situation?

Reflective triangles.

When performing the scene size-up which of the following will the EMT address?

The need for additional personnel.

A patient has been shot once in the left hand. After performing the initial assessment the EMT quickly focuses his attention on the left hand and begins a specific assessment of the injury. This would indicate that what type of assessment is being performed?

Focused trauma exam.

Which of the following statements made by an EMT indicates a correct understanding of capillary refill?.

"For a capillary refill test to be normal for a child it must be assessed at room temperature and be less than 2 seconds.

In which of the following patients should you check for the possibility of spinal injury?

An unresponsive diabetic who appears to have fallen down.

Which of the following situations requires action by the EMT during scene size-up?

All of the above.

You are transporting a victim of domestic violence a 25-year-old female who was struck on the head several times with a baseball bat. On the scene she was responsive to verbal stimuli and was bleeding profusely from an open head wound. During transport the patient becomes unresponsive. Which of the following should you do next?

Initial assessment

During your initial assessment you find your patient's skin to be warm pink and dryThis would seemingly indicate:

Normal circulation

A male patient was found in cardiac arrest by co-workers at a schoolOn arrival you determined him to be in cardiac arrest and you started CPRThe AED was quickly placed and shocked him once restoring a heartbeatDuring transport the patient remains unresponsive but is breathing and has a pulseWhen conducting the ongoing exam on the patient the EMT should do which of the following?

Recheck vital signs every 5 minutes

Family states that their 16-year-old daughter has a history of asthma and has been complaining of shortness of breath for the past two daysShe has been taking her metered dose inhaler with some relief but today when she didn't get out of bed they found her lethargic and struggling to breathYour assessment reveals her to be responsive to verbal stimuli with a patent airway and respirations of 36 a minuteYour immediate action in caring for this patient would be:

Positive pressure ventilation

When performing the initial assessment the EMT finds the patient to be unresponsive with vomitus in her airwayThe EMT would next:

Suction the airway

During ongoing assessment you notice that your patient is making gurgling soundsWhich of the following should you do immediately?

Suction the airway

At a nursing home you find a patient extremely short of breathTo best determine if the patient is cyanotic you would:

Examine the lining of the lips and mouth

While you are performing a focused physical exam your trauma patient suddenly complains of the sudden onset of difficulty breathingYou would:

Stop your exam and provide appropriate care

Which of the following statements indicates that the EMT has a proper understanding of the detailed physical exam?

"The steps of the detailed physical exam are similar to the steps of the rapid or focused trauma or medical exam."

When assessing the chest of a patient who was shot multiple times you find a gunshot wound to the third intercostal space on the left lateral chestYour immediate action would be to:

Cover the opening with an occulsive dressing

Which of the following may be a hazard at the scene of a vehicle collision?

All of the above

Which of the following best defines the term "chief complaint"?

The patient's description of his problem

Family states that their 16-year-old daughter has a history of asthma and has been complaining of shortness of breath for the past two days She has been taking her metered dose inhaler with some relief but today when she didn't get out of bed they found her lethargic and struggling to breath Your assessment reveals her to be responsive to verbal stimuli with a patent airway and respirations of 36 a minute Your immediate action in caring for this patient would be:

Positive pressure ventilation

A 2-year-old boy who just seized must have his airway openedWhen performing the head tilt-chin lift airway maneuver the EMT must remember

The head should only be slightly extended

You are transporting a 30-year-old male who has been shot in the chestHe is suffering from a sucking chest wound and has a decreased level of consciousnessHow often should you perform an ongoing assessment?

Every 5 minutes

When using the memory aid SAMPLE which of the following would you do to determine "L"?

Ask "When was the last time you had anything to eat or drink?" What is the purpose of reassessing and recording findings of the ongoing assessment so they can be compared to earlier findings often called?,Trending

Your patient is a 66-year-old man complaining of a headache for the past two daysWhich of the following should be done during a focused physical examination?

Inspecting the scalp

You are assessing an 8-month-old whose mother states has been vomiting for two days and not eating or drinkingWhen assessing the pulse you would check which site?

Brachial

Which of the following is NOT a consideration for the EMT when performing an ongoing assessment?

Distance to the hospital

You are by the side of a patient complaining of shortness of breath and a history of heart failureWhen assessing the airway which of the following observations would best indicate that the patient's airway is not compromised?

She easily verbalizes that she is having chest pain

Which of the following assessment findings would indicate that the patient has intact motor function in his lower extremities?

He can wiggle his toes when instructed

Which of the following does the EMT recognize as true concerning the ongoing assessment?

The purpose of the ongoing assessment is to detect changes in the patient's status

At the scene of a vehicle collision in which there are no apparent hazards which of the following guidelines should be followed for establishing a danger zone?

The danger zone should be 50 feet in all directions

During assessment of a responsive medical patient you perform the focused history using the memory aid SAMPLETo obtain information related to "M" which of the following questions would you ask?

"Are you currently taking any medications?"

In the assessment of a responsive medical patient which of the following will provide you with the most important information?

The patient's medical history

During your ongoing assessment you note that oxygen is not filling the reservoir bag on the non-rebreather you have placed on the patient Which of the following should you check?

All of the above

You are transporting a 20-year-old soccer patient who injured his ankle during a matchHis injury appears to be isolated and he has no significant past medical historyHow frequently should you perform an ongoing assessment on this patient?

15 minutes

Your patient is a 45-year-old man complaining of chest painHe has no prior history and has not taken any medicationsWhich of the following sets of blood pressure measurements taken at 10 minute intervals should lead you to conclude that the patient's condition is deteriorating?

110/70 102/62 90/56

The action of evaluating the scene for hazards that may harm the EMT is conducted:

Throughout the entire call

Which of the following is included in the ongoing assessment?

All of the above

You have been called for an 83-year-old female who is having difficulty breathing. On scene you find the woman sitting upright in a chair in obvious respiratory distress. She informs you that she has congestive heart failure and feels as though she is filling up with fluid. The initial assessment shows her to be alert and oriented with inadequate breathing. Her pulse is rapid and weak and her skin is cool and dry. When performing a focused medical assessment which of the following signs related to heart failure would you specifically look for when examining the patient's neck?

Jugular vein distention

In which of the following circumstances is manual stabilization of the cervical spine always necessary?

Trauma above the level of the clavicles

The EMT has formed a general impression of poor for a patient who has been assaulted by a mob of angry people in a bar. The patient is confused tachycardic and has cool skin and a poor capillary refill. The EMT's next action would be to:

Perform the rapid trauma assessment.

On which of the following patients should an ongoing assessment be performed?

All of the above

A 41-year-old male patient has fallen from a second-story roof. He is complaining of right leg pain and pain to his pelvic region. When performing the rapid trauma assessment on this patient which of the following would the EMT intentionally not perform?

Palpation of the pelvic region

Which of the following must the EMT remember when assessing the respirations of a pediatric patient?

The rate is usually faster than that of an adult.

Your patient is a 22-year-old college student complaining of abdominal pain. She is alert and oriented although somewhat uncomfortable. Which of the following should be your first action?

Ask the patient to describe the pain and find out if she has other complaints.

A 40-year-old male patient has crashed his motorcycle. He complains of pain to his right leg. When palpating his leg you are assessing for:

Crepitation.

Which of the following is another term for "trauma"?

Injury

As you are assessing a 32-year-old asthmatic woman who has called EMS due to difficulty breathing. Her husband enters the home through a back door and shouts "Get your hands off her she doesn't need your help. She needs to be taught a lesson about her smart mouth." Which of the following is the best course of action?

Leave the scene and patient then notify police.

Which statement made by the EMT indicates an understanding of shock caused by internal bleeding?

"You should always suspect internal bleeding in a patient with the signs and symptoms of shock but no external bleeding."

Which of the following is NOT a principle of splinting that must be considered by the EMT?

Gently replace protruding bone ends back beneath the skin to prevent further contamination.

A 51-year-old male was burned in the face after a steam valve was accidentally opened. His face is red and swollen and he is screaming in pain. He also states that he is having a hard time seeing. The EMT's priority concern in caring for this patient is:

Airway compromise.

A student in a science lab has had an unknown chemical splashed into her eye. After assessing the airway breathing and circulation the EMT would immediately:

Flush the eye with copious amounts of tap water.

Which of the following is recommended when caring for an amputated part?

Seal the part in a plastic bag and place in a pan of water cooled by an ice pack.

When a person is in shock the EMT understands that which of the following is occurring in the body?

The cells are not getting enough oxygen and waste products are accumulating.

A patient has suffered an abdominal evisceration. There is no evidence of spinal injury. How would you place the patient on the stretcher?

Supine with knees flexed to his chest

A 51-year-old female patient tripped in the kitchen and fell against a deep fryer splashing hot oil onto her right arm. Assessment reveals partial and deep thickness burns to her arm. It is estimated that the burn covers two percent of her body. Which of the following statements made by the patient reveals the most important information when determining the overall severity of the burn?

"I have been a diabetic for several years."

You are called by the owner of a restaurant for a female patron who spilled hot tea onto her right thigh. Assessment findings obtained from the focused trauma assessment show the skin to be red and painful as well as soft and tender to palpation. The skin is intact with no blister formation noted although slight edema is noted. Based on these assessment findings the EMT would recognize what category of burn?

Superficial

Which of the following structures connect bone ends making joints more stable?

Ligaments

A 36-year-old man has accidentally shot a nail into his thigh while using a nail gun. Under which of the following circumstances should the nail be removed from the injury?

None of the above.

Which of the following signs is LEAST likely to indicate a traumatic brain injury?

Low blood pressure

A patient has fallen from a second-story window onto the concrete sidewalk below. She is unresponsive and has deformity noted to the back and top of her skull. Additional assessment findings include abdominal bruising and an angulated left ankle. Your partner reports that the patient's vital signs are: pulse 68 respirations 14 and irregular blood pressure 198/110 mmHg and SpO2 91 percent. Based on these assessment findings the EMT would recognize:

Severe head injury with increasing pressure within the skull.

Your patient is a 20-year-old college student who has fallen from a third level balcony onto a wooden deck below. The patient responds to verbal stimuli is pale in color with moist skin and has a very obvious deformity with protruding bone ends of his right forearm. Which of the following is the best sequence of intervention for this patient?

Manual in-line stabilization of the cervical spine along with assessment of breathing pulse and the presence of significant hemorrhage application of high-flow oxygen rapid trauma exam immobilization to a long backboard transport splint the extremity en route if time and resources allow

A 21-year-old male has experienced a severe burn to the left leg while working on an industrial furnace. His coworkers immediately doused his flaming pants and removed them. Your initial assessment reveals no threats to the airway breathing or circulation. When conducting a focused trauma exam to the leg which assessment finding would be the most critical?

Partial thickness burn completely encircles the knee

You have been called for a patient who had a large bag of lime powder tear as he was unloading it from a truck. On arrival you notice that the patient is wearing shorts and has lime dust covering both lower legs. He is complaining of leg pain from the chemical powder. Which statement indicates the appropriate next intervention following the initial assessment?

"Let's brush as much of the lime off his legs as possible."

Your patient is a 60-year-old woman who stepped off a curb and injured her ankle. Your exam shows that her left ankle is swollen and painful. Which of the following should you do?

Explain to the patient that you cannot tell if her ankle is sprained or fractured until she is x-rayed at the emergency department and splint the ankle.

Your patient is a 55-year-old male who was found in the parking lot behind a tavern. He states that he was assaulted and robbed by three individuals. He is complaining of being "hit in the face and kicked and punched in his ribs and stomach." Your examination reveals contusions and swelling around both eyes bleeding from the nose a laceration of his upper lip and multiple contusions of the chest abdomen and flanks. Which of the following should cause the greatest concern regarding the prehospital care of this patient?

Potential pneumothorax

A 57-year-old male patient has fallen 20 feet while setting up Christmas lights on the roof. He impacted the ground feet first and has suffered open fractures to both tibias with both bones protruding through the skin. Your assessment reveals him to be responsive to painful stimuli. His airway is open his breathing is rapid and his radial pulse is weak. The skin is cool and diaphoretic. Vital signs are: pulse 132 respirations 24 and BP 106/90 mmHg. According to family he has no medical history. Your partner is providing positive pressure ventilation. At this point in the patient's care it is a priority that the EMT:

Look for other injuries.

Which of the following best explains the reason for minimizing scene-time for the trauma patient with significant hemorrhage or the potential for significant hemorrhage?

Studies have indicated that trauma patients who receive surgery within one hour of injury have betterchances of survival.

Which of the following is appropriate in the examination of a painful swollen extremity of a conscious patient?

Comparing the injured to the uninjured side

You suspect that a patient involved in a motor vehicle collision is in shock. As a knowledgeable EMT you know that which of the following signs and symptoms of shock will be observed last?

Decreased blood pressure

Assessment findings of a driver who was ejected from his vehicle in a rollover-type collision include unresponsiveness and bruising to the abdominal and pelvic areas along with an open femur fracture. The patient has an open airway and is breathing at 32 times a minute. The skin is cool and clammy and the radial pulses are weak. Manual in-line spinal stabilization is being maintained. The EMT's initial intervention would be to:

Assist respirations.

While on standby at a semi-professional baseball game you are summoned onto the field for a player complaining of severe leg pain after colliding with the catcher of the opposing team. The initial assessment shows no threats to the airway breathing or circulation. The focused trauma assessment reveals a severely deformed knee that is swollen and ecchymotic. The leg is pale and cool and the patient cannot move his leg when asked to do so. Additionally you cannot palpate a pedal pulse. Your priority action at this time would be to:

Attempt to straighten the leg until a pulse returns.

Your patient is a 28-year-old male who was ejected from his motorcycle after striking a parked vehicle. He has multiple deformities to his upper and lower extremities on both sides. Which of the following would be the best way to immobilize this patient's extremities prior to transport?

Immobilizing the patient to a long backboard without splinting the extremities individually

You suspect that a patient with an open pneumothorax may be developing a tension pneumothorax. Which of the following actions is it critical that you take?

Lift one side of the dressing during expiration.

A young boy was running with a pencil and tripped. The pencil impaled the boy's left eye and remains lodged in place. He is in his mother's arms and both are crying hysterically. Appropriate care for the eye would include:

Stabilizing the impaled object and providing immediate transport.

As you pull up to a motor vehicle collision you quickly scan the scene for clues as to the type andseverity of injuries. Which of the following scene clues would best indicate that a patient may have a head injury?

Starring of a windshield

Which of following assessment findings would contraindicate the use of the traction splint?

Deformity to the hip

A tool for assessing a patient's level of responsiveness that uses numerical values to score responses is:

AVPU

A patient rescued from an apartment fire has sustained partial and full thickness burns from his chest down to his feet. The EMT would recognize that this patient is prone to develop:

Hypothermia.

Which of the following is part of the body's compensatory response to blood loss?

Blood vessels constrict and heart rate increases.

Which of the following is responsible for most of the signs and symptoms of early shock?

The body's attempts at compensation for blood loss

Hyperventilation of a patient with a severe brain injury means that bag-valve-mask ventilations are provided at a rate of ________ per minute.

20

A 44-year-old electrician has been shocked. He is responsive to verbal stimuli and has garbled speech. His airway is open and he is breathing shallowly at a rate of 10 times a minute. His pulse is slow and irregular. What would the EMT do next?

Ventilate with a bag-valve mask at 12 breaths per minute.

Your patient is a 6-year-old child who has fallen down while running on a sidewalk. She has abrasions on both knees and the palms of both hands that are oozing blood. This is an example of bleeding from which of the follow types of vessels?

Capillaries

A 41-year-old male patient has been struck in the head with a metal pipe. As you approach the patient you note that he appears combative and has blood to the left side of his face and head and on his shirt. His breathing appears labored and he is incontinent of urine. Your immediate action would be to:

Take manual in-line spinal immobilization.

For which of the following wounds should the EMT apply an absorbent dressing moistened with sterile saline and then cover it with an occlusive dressing?

A gunshot wound to the abdomen from which a loop of intestine is protruding

As you approach a patient you observe dark blood on his pants. He appears confused pale and diaphoretic. Your first action in caring for this patient would be to:

Assess his airway.

Which of the following is a complication of bone fractures?

All of the above

A patient fell and sustained an open fracture to the left humerus. Assessment reveals the bone to have pulled back into the arm and bleeding from the site is controlled. How will splinting the left arm benefit this patient?

Decreases the opportunity for further injury to nerves and blood vessels

Paralysis of the respiratory muscles may occur with injury to the _______ spine.

cervical

The EMT recognizes that a benefit of applying the traction splint to a deformed femur and thigh is to:

Decrease pain.

An alert and oriented 22-year-old male has fallen off a tractor and is complaining of pain to his right leg. As you quickly scan the patient you note obvious deformity to the tibia-fibula region of the lower extremity. After conducting the initial assessment and manually stabilizing the leg the EMT would:

Check for a pedal pulse.

Which of the following best describes the benefit of a three-sided occlusive dressing over a four-sided occlusive dressing for an open chest wound?

It reduces the chances of developing a tension pneumothorax.

A patient has cut his arm with a table saw. Assessment reveals dark red blood flowing steadily from the wound. As an EMT you would recognize:

Venous bleeding.

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