the tendency to accept and praise vague statement about are personality
Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory(MMPI)
A series of true-false questions intended to measure certain personality dimensions and clinical conditions such as depression
a projective technique based on people's interpretations of 10 ambiguous pictures
Thematic Apperception Test (TAT)
The person is asked to make up a story for each picture, describing what is happening, what events led up to the scene, and what will happen in the future.
Emotional Stroop Test
Someone examines a list of words, some of which relate to a possible source of worry or concern to the person, and tries to say the color of ink for each word
Implicit Association test
measures whether you respond faster to a category that combines some topic with pleasant words or unpleasant words.
a consistent long-lasting tendency in behavior
a temporary activation of a particular behavior
internal locus of control
belief that people are largely in control of their fate
external locus of control
belief that people are most controlled by external forces
seeks general laws about varies aspects of personality based on studies of large groups of people
concentrates on intensive studies of individuals
the tendency to experience unpleasant emotions relatively easily
Type A personality
Personality characterized by (1) a strong competitive orientation, (2) impatience and time urgency, and (3) anger and hostility.
Type B personality
Personality characterized by relatively relaxed, patient, easygoing, amicable behavior.
empirically derived test
a test developed by testing a pool of items and then selecting those that discriminate between groups like th MMPI
Developed terms: internal/external locus of control
Personality components that define people's lives; Very few individuals have cardinal traits.
how a person behaves most of the time
stable, individual differences in quality and intensity of emotional reaction, activity level, attention, emotional regulation
trait theory of personality; 3 levels of traits: cardinal, central, and secondary
Allport's term for specific traits that influence behavior in relatively few situations
BIg five factors
extroversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, emotional stability, openness to experience (OCEAN)