a pamphlet written by Thomas Paine that claimed the colonies had a right to be an independent nation
Colonists who wanted independence from Britain
Another name for the Patriots in the colonies
Declaration of Independence
the document recording the proclamation of the second Continental Congress (4 July 1776) asserting the independence of the colonies from Great Britain
Olive Branch Petition
Still pledge loyalty to King George III but are still asking Britain to respect the rights and liberties of the colonies, repeal oppressive legislation, and British troops out of the colonies; George 3 didn't want anything to do with them and declared all colonies in a state of rebellion
German soldiers who fought for the British
Successful American general during the Revolution who turned traitor in 1780 and joined the British cause.
Second Continental Congress
They organized the continental Army, called on the colonies to send troops, selected George Washington to lead the army, and appointed the comittee to draft the Declaration of Independence
Battle of Bunker Hill
the first important battle of the American War of Independence (1775)
Battle of Saratoga
The battle which was the turning point of the Revolution because after the colonists won this major victory, the French decided to support us with money, troops, ships, etc.
in 1781 during the American Revolution the British under Cornwallis surrendered after a siege of three weeks by American and French troops
Treaty of Paris
agreement signed by British and American leaders that stated the United States of America was a free and independent contry
The belief that all people are equal and that they have the same rights in society.
suggested that women would be responsible for raising their children to be virtuous citizens of the new American republic
Articles of Confederation
America's first constitution, was adopted by the second continental congress in 1781during the revolution. the document was limited because states held most of the power, and congress lacked the power to tax, regulate trade, or control coinage
Land Ordinance of 1785
A major success of the Articles of Confederation. Provided for the orderly surveying and distribution of land belonging to the U.S.
Northwest Ordinance of 1787
Federal order that divided the Northwest Territory into smaller territories and created a plan for how the territories could become states
this conflict in Massachusetts caused many to criticize the Articles of Confederation and admit the weak central government was not working; uprising led by Daniel Shays in an effort to prevent courts from foreclosing on the farms of those who could not pay the taxes
Compromise made by Constitutional Convention in which states would have equal representation in one house of the legislature and representation based on population in the other house
Bundle of Compromises
This referred to the fact that the Constitution was trying to please everybody. (Great Compromise; 3/5 compromise; method of electing president; regulation of slave trade)