Biology Review; Photosynthesis & Cellular Respiration & Mitosis & Meiosis

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24 terms

What causes bread to rise?

Carbon Dioxide

These organisms are used to make wine

Bacteria

When oxygen is unavailable, human cells go through fermentation and produce

Lactic Acid

Fermentation produces _____ ATP compared to the citric acid cycle

less

What are the 2 types of anaerobic respiration?

Lactic Acid and Alcoholic Fermentation

What are the names of three processes that occur in aerobic respiration?

Citric Acid Cycle, Glycolysis, and Electron Transport Chain

What makes 32 ATP?

Electron Transport Chain

Sister Chromatids are held by __________

centromere

Cells that contain 1 of each type of chromosome are _________

haploid

Cells that contain 2 of each type of chromosome are _______

diploid

The process of meiosis produces _________

haploid

Give 2 examples of gametes

sperm and egg cells

What is the longest phase of mitosis?

Prophase

The nuclear envelope and the nucleolus disintegrates when?

Prophase

When are the Spindle Fibers formed?

Prophase

The spindle fibers pull sister chromatids apart during when?

Anaphase

The centromere splits when?

Anaphase

The individual chromosomes move to opposite poles of the cell in what phase?

Anaphase

The Spindle fibers attache to to the centromere

Metaphase

When do the chromosomes uncoil into chromatin?

Telophase

The nuclear envelope re-forms around chromatin

Telophase

The spindle breaks apart

Telophase

The nucleolus becomes visible

Telophase

The Cell Membrane begins to split in two

Telophase

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