is easily identified by a cloister--a sort of inner-courtyard around which all the buildings are arranged. The abbey church usually does not function as a parish but are the place of prayer for the monks or nuns.
a vestibule either an outside, covered porch-like structure or an inside area separated from the nave (the "body" of the church) by a screen, but this word has come to mean "entry" or "foyer."
can be any kind of size but is usually smaller than a cathedral.
the area where parishioners sit or stand.
the place of the Altar, the place where the Tabernacle, which holds the Blessed Sacrament, is located.
are usually quite large so as to hold as many people as possible. Cathedrals also function as parishes.
the place where the Eucharistic Sacrifice is offered.
the podium on the left side of the church as you face the Altar (the "Gospel side"), from where the gospel is read.
where sacred vestments, liturgical vessels, etc., are stored.
is usually a smaller church that does not function as a parish.
is usually large, depending on the importance of the saint being venerated. They usually possess some important relic of a saint, such as their whole body, or an arm or head, etc.