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Anabolism

nutrients to repair or build new tissues.

Catabolism

conversion of nutrients into energy

Enzyme

protein helps biochemical reactions within the body

Metabolism

cell converts nutrients into energy or materials for growth, repair, reproduction, and maintenance.

Food nutrients

carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins, minerals, and water.

digestive tract

mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, and large intestine.

carbohydrates are broken down into

simple sugars, glucose, proteins amino acids fats, fatty acids, glycerol

cell's main source of energy

glucose

amino acids and fats

repair cell structures

Important for anabolism & catabolism

Vitamins $ minerals

blood

80 percent water.

Daily water intake

Eight to ten cups

brain

75 percent water

Bones

20 percent water

Fruits and vegetables are

90 percent water.

Primary source of energy

Carbohydrates(glucose)

glucose is stored

in the liver as a form of starch

complex carbohydrates

• whole-grain breads and cereals
• naturally occurring sugars found in fruit and milk products
• pasta
• vegetables, like potatoes and corn
• beans

Simple carbohydrates

candy, table sugar, honey, and maple syrup. t blood sugar levels to rise rapidly

insulin

a hormone produced by the pancreas to help muscle cells utilize glucose.

dietary fats

saturated and unsaturated.

Saturated fats

are found in animal products, such as meat, cheese, lard, and butter, and some plant oils, such as coconut oil and palm oil. They also increase a certain type of cholesterol known as low-density lipoprotein

Unsaturated fats

are found in vegetables or nuts. Peanuts, olives, sunflower seeds, avocados, olives, and corn contain unsaturated fats.

Fatty acids

organic acids that aid in the transportation and breakdown of cholesterol

Cholesterol

is used by the body to synthesize Vitamin D, to maintain the proper functioning of nerve cells, to keep skin soft and supple, and to transport fat to cells.

fats aid in the

absorption of Vitamins A, D, E, and K. development of healthy bones, teeth, and skin

Excess fats stored

in tissue under the skin and around vital organs

protein

essential to cellular construction, reproduction, and maintenance. used for energy

Essential amino acids

8

complete protein

is a protein source that contains all the essential amino acids(milk)

Vitamins

chemicals that are essential to all cellular activity. they are only found in living things

Vitamins essential for health

20

Fat-soluble vitamins

are dependent upon fats for absorption

Water-soluble vitamins

include Vitamins C, B12, and B complex vitamins. stores for a very short period of time must be ingested daily

Vitamin C

reproduction of bone tissue

minerals

function with enzymes to build new cells, repair damaged ones, and utilize energy. they are used to build teeth, bones, muscles, and nerve cells, and to maintain the correct functioning of the heart and the brain

used by the human body to maintain health

used by the human body to maintain health

Macro-elements

needed in large amounts for good health. include calcium, chlorine, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, sodium, and sulfur. Trace elements include chromium, copper, fluoride, iodine, iron, selenium, and zinc

Dairy products

calcium, protein, and Vitamins A and D.

Calcium

strong bones and teeth

adolescents

equivalent of 4 to 5 glasses of milk each day

Vitamins A and D

fortified milk

Meat and beans

best source of protein

Meat

Vitamin B12 , B-complex , iron, and other minerals.

Organ meats

good sources of iron.

calories

scientific measurement of fuel converted to energy

Labels

list fats, carbohydrates, protein, and vitamin and mineral value

saturated fats

blood cholesterol levels.

Anorexia nervosa

Eating disorder

Elements needed in small amounts for good health

Trace elements : chromium, copper, fluoride, iodine, iron, selenium, and zinc

Most concentrated form of energy

Fat

fat % calories per gram

9

Fat

Aids absorb vitamins,protects organs ,digest other food

30%

% of fat in diet

good eating habits

basis for physical fitness

exercise will enable you

to perform daily tasks with an increased amount of energy and enthusiasm.

Aerobic exercise

oxygen.

ATP

cellular fuel provides muscles with the energy

skeletal muscles

consist of two types of fibers, fast twitch

Fast twitch

enable you to exert a great amount of power in a short period of time

Slow twitch muscle

great endurance exert force repeatedly for an extended period of time

Flexibility

demonstrates the possible range of motion of muscles, joints, and ligaments. Regular participation in stretching exercises increases circulation, making muscles and joints more flexible

body composition

examined with regards to lean mass in proportion to fat

three body types

ectomorph, endomorph, and mesomorph

ectomorphic

tall and thin

Mesomorphic

normal height and are well built

Endomorphic

bodies are short and stout

anaerobic exercise

strenuous exertion of a specific muscle group does not require the use of oxygen causes the muscle cells to produce lactic acid

Muscles can

only function without oxygen for a short period of time

Physical fitness

functioning of the circulatory, respiratory, and muscular systems

measurement of Cardiorespiratory

muscular strength and endurance, flexibility, and body composition are measurements of physical fitness

Cardiorespiratory fitness

the ability of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems to efficiently transfer oxygen and nutrients to skeletal muscles

determine cardiorespiratory fitness

measure your resting heart rate

Aerobic exercise

seeks to strengthen the heart and increase the capacity of the lungs through the extended use of large muscle groups. target heart rate for at least 12 minutes.

spiritual state

aspect of your well-being.

Ephesians 2:1

paints a picture of our desperate situation by proclaiming that, aside from Christ, we are "dead

evidence of salvation

trust in Christ, obedience to God, growth in holiness, fruit of the Spirit, love for other Christians, positive influence on others, adhering to the apostolic teaching, and the testimony of the Holy Spirit within them

spiritual progress

dependent upon the indwelling of the Holy Spirit.

fruit of the Spirit

love, joy, peace, longsuffering, gentleness, goodness, faith, meekness, self control

Love

enduring mark of the Christian

True love for God

is evidenced by wholehearted obedience

second greatest

love our neighbors as ourselves

first greatest

love god more than anything else

Bible directs us to deny self

...

The pursuit of godliness

begins by seeking first the kingdom of God and His righteousness

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