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AED

automated external defibrillator

Strain

injury to a muscle (often caused by overuse)

sprain

a painful injury to a joint caused by a sudden wrenching of its ligaments

anaphylactic shock

severe allergic reaction

Insulin shock

severe hypoglycemia caused by an overdose of insulin, decreased intake of food, or excessive exercise; primary complication of type 1 diabetes

Psychogenic or mental shock

Shock caused by overwhelming emotional factors. Sudden dilation of blood vessels results in fainting because of lack of blood supply to the brain.

Hypovolemic or hemorrhagic shock

shock caused by severe blood or fluid loss

cardiogenic shock

shock caused by cardiac arrest

Neurogenic shock

type of shock commen in cases of damage to the brain or spinal cord that results in vasodilation and relative hypovolemia

Septic shock

systemic infection

Heart attack symptoms

chest pain, chest heaviness, pale skin, weak pulse, nausea, vomitting, pain radiating to left arm, indigestion, short of breath, sweating.

CPR

Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation 30 thrusts 2 breaths unassisted 15 thrusts 2 breaths assisted

photophobia

pain in the eye resulting from exposure to bright light (often associated with albinism)

heat stroke

a serious condition that occurs when the body's inner temperature rises so fast that the body cannot cool itself

epistaxis

nosebleed

dehydration

depletion of bodily fluids

contusion

an injury that doesn't break the skin but results in some discoloration BRUISE

laceration

cut or wound

tetanus shot

Good for 10 years

anticoagulant

prevents blood clotting

black bowel movement

blood in stools

black tongue

can happen as a result of drinking pepto bismal

lyme disease

Caused by a tick

how to remove a tick

with tweezers

abrasion

scraping away of the skin by mechanical process or injury

thrombolytic drug

Dissolve blood clots that have already formed by breaking the fibrin strants.

dyspnea

difficulty breathing

polydipsea

excessive thirst

polyuria

excessive urination

cyanosis

blue discoloration of the skin caused by a lack of adequate oxygen in the blood

ecchymosis

the purple or black-and-blue area resulting from a bruise

syncope

fainting

vertigo

dizziness

diabetic coma

caused by very high blood sugar (hyperglycemia)

hemoturia

abnormal presence of blood in urine

idiopathic

pertaining to disease of unknown origin

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