oral pathology and oral and maxillofacial surgery

39 terms by marialittle

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benign

not cancerous

biopsy

the excision of tissue to establish a diagnosis

bruxism

unconscious habit of grinding the teeth

carcinoma

a cancerous tumor

chancre

an ulcer

cleft palate

congential cleft

erosion

a loss of tooth structure

fibroma

a benign tumor of white fibrous teeth

fluorosis

hypoplasia and discoloration of teeth

geographic tongue

wandering inflammation of the tounge

glossalgia

pain in the tongue

glossitis

inflammation of the tongue

harelip

a cleft plate

herpes labialis

herpes simplex of the lip

hutchinson's teeth

notched or pegged teeth

hypoplasia

a defective development of any tissue

leukoplakia

white patches on the mucous membranes

malignant

cancerous

neoplasm

new growth

oral pathology

specialty of dentistry that deals with the diagnosis of dental and oral diseases

sarcoma

a mailgnant neoplasm of the connective tissue

alveolectomy

surgical excision of the alveolar bone

alveoloplasty

surgical repair of the alveolar bone

dry socket

osteitis following extraction

excisional biopsy

surgical excision of the entire lesion for diagnosis

extraction

surgical removal of a tooth from the alveolus

fracture

a break in the bone

frenectomy

surgical removal of the frenulum from its attachment

incisional biopsy

surgical excision of wedge shaped tissue for diagnosis

impaction

retarded eruption

operculum

a hood of tissue over a partially erupted tooth

orthognathic surgery

surgery in which the jaws are moved into proper alignment

osteotomy

partial removal of bone

pericoronitis

inflammation around the crown of a partially erupted tooth

temporomandibular joint

the joint where the mandible meets the maxilla

trigeminal nerve

the 5th cranial nerve which supplies the face with sensation

trigeminal neuralgia

breakdown of the trigeminal nerve

resorption

removal by absorption

attrition

wearing away

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