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HIST 144 @ Grove City; Spring 2012; Dr. Mitchell; Connections V2; Ch 20: The West in an Age of Religious Conflict and Global Expansion (1500-1650)

sacraments

sacred rites believed to bestow the graces needed for salvation

purgatory

a place of suffering that purified the soul so it could enter heaven

indulgence

a remission of the punishment due for sins that were sacramentally forgiven; designed to reduce or eliminate suffering in purgatory

Ninety-Five Theses

a set of propositions challenging the Christian Church's power to forgive sins and grant indulgences; issued by Martin Luther in 1517

predestination

the elect

puritanical

referring to people who uphold an austere moral code and simple religious practices

capitalism

an economic system based on competition among private enterprises

mercantilism

a policy designed to create a condition in which a country's trading exports exceeded its imports in value

charter companies

trading associations protected by royal monopoly

cottage industry

a system under which peasants would make products in their own cottages and sell them to merchant capitalists

nuclear families

families made up only of parents and their children

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