Orchestra Vocabulary

25 terms by rpresnick 

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vocabulary for Miss Resnick's orchestra class

Andante

at a walking pace

Allegro

quick pace, bright

Presto

very fast

Adagio

slow and stately, "at ease"

A tempo

return to the main tempo of the piece

Ritard

slow down

Meno mosso

"less motion", slow down

spiccato

bounce the bow on the string

pizzicato

pluck the string

arco

play with the bow

divisi

divide parts (top notes vs. low notes)

Fine

the end

D.S. al Fine

return to the sign and continue playing until the end (Fine)

crescendo

get louder

diminuendo

get softer

Détaché

detached bowing, stop the bow on the string

Martelé

"hammered" bowing, détaché with a strong attack

legato

smooth, connected bowing

staccato

very detached, short "sticky" bows

piano (dynamic)

soft

pianissimo

very soft

mezzo piano

moderately soft

forte

strong

fortissimo

very strong

mezzo forte

moderately strong

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