endocrine hormones table 15.4

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growth hormones (GH)

gland: anterior pituitary, effect: stimulates growth of bones

Luteinizing hormone (LH)

gland: anterior pituitary, effect: stimulates ovaries and testies

Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)

gland: anterior pituitary, effect: stimulated thyroid gland

Adrenocorticoptropic hormone (ACTH)

gland: anterior pituitary, effect: stimulates adrenal cortex to secrete glucocorticoids

Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)

gland: anterior pituitary, effect: stimulates gonads to produce sperm and ova

Oxytocin

gland: posterior pituitary, effect: stimulates contractions of uterus and mammary glands

Antidiuretic hormone (ADH)

glad: posterior pituitary, effect: promotes retention of water by kidneys

Thyroxin

glad: thyroid, effect: controls metabolic rate

Calcitonin

gland: thyroid, effect: lowers blood calcium levels

Parathormone

gland: parathyroid, effect: raises blood calcium levels

Glucocorticoids

gland: adrenal cortex, effect: raises blood sugar levels

Epinephrine (adrenaline)

gland: adrenal medulla, effect: raises blood sugar by increasing rate of glycogen breakdown by liver

nonepinephrine (noradrenaline)

gland: adrenal medulla, effect: raises blood sugar by increasing rate of glycogen breakdown by liver

Insulin

gland: pancreas, effect: lowers blood glucose levels

Glucagon

gland: pancreas, effect: raises blood glucose levels

Thymosin

gland: thymus, effect: stimulates T lymphocytes as part of the immune response

Melatonin

gland: pineal, effect: involved in biorythms

estrogen

gland: ovaries, effect: stimulates uterine lining

progesterone

gland: ovaries, effect: promotes uterine lining growth

androgens

gland: testes, effect: support sperm production

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