Bio lab exam

Created by katlynn1alumbaugh 

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diversity of eukaryotes

Five supergroups of the Domain Eukarya

Excavata, Chromalveolata,Rhizaria,Archaeplastida, and Unikonta

Supergroup Unikonta includes

kingdoms Animalia and Fungi

Supergroup Archaeplastida includes

kindgom Plantae

Protists

Are considered members of the Domian Eukarya because they contain a membrane enclosed nucleaus and organelles unlike their prokaryotic ancestors.

Supergroup of Ameoba

Unikonta

Kindgom of Ameoba

Amoebozoan

Ameoba's mode of nutrition

Heterotrophic (using pseudopodia via phagocytosis)

Cellular structures of Ameoba

Pseudopodia, nucleus, contractile vacuole; unicellular

Habbitat of the Ameoba

Free living

Life cycle of the Ameoba

Binary Fission

Supergroup of Formineferans

Rhizaria

Kingdom of Formineferans

Foram

Formineferans mode of nutrition

Heterotrophic (using pseudopodia)

Formineferans structure

Pseudopodia, Shell (calcium carbonate); unicellular

Formineferans habitat

Marine

Formineferans life cycle

Binary fission or sexually by zoospores

Radiolarians Supergroup

Rhizaria

Radiolarians Kingdom

Radiolarian

Radiolarians mode of nutrition

Heterotrophic

Radiolarians

Radiolarians structure

Shell (silica); unicellular

Radiolarians Habitat

Marine

Radiolarians life cycle

Binary Fission

Trypanasoma Lewisis Supergroup

Excavata

Trypanasoma Lewisis Kindgom

Euglenozoan

Trypanasoma Lewisis mode of nutrition

Heterotrophic, parasitic (causes sleeping sicknes), chagas

Trypanasoma Lewisis structure

Flagella, crystalline rod in flagella; unicellular

Trypanasoma Lewisis Habitat

Blood

Trypanasoma Lewisis life cycle

Binary fission

Plasmodium falciparum

Plasmodium falciparum Supergroup

Chromalveolata

Plasmodium falciparum kingdom

alveolate

Plasmodium falciparum
mode of nutrition

Heterotrophic, parasitic (causes malaria), changes surface proteins

Plasmodium falciparum structure

Apicoplast synthesizes fatty acids; unicellular

Plasmodium falciparum Habitat

Liver, Blood, Anaphole mosquito to human.

Plasmodium falciparum life cycle

Sexual and Asexual-Multiple fission

Stentor supergroup

Chromalveolata

Stentor kingdom

Ciliate

Stentor mode of nutrition

Heterotrophic

Stentor cellular structure

Macronucleus

Stentor habitat

Marine, freshwater, attached when feeding.

Stentor life cycle

Binary fission and Conjugation

Paramecium

Paramecium Supergroup

Chromalveolata

Paramecium Kingdom

Ciliate

Paramecium mode of nutrition

Heterotrophic

Paramecium cellular structure

Macronucleus, Micronucleus, cilia, contractile vacuole, oral groove; unicellular

Paramecium habitat

Free living or sessile, marine and freshwater.

Paramecium life cycle

Binary fission and Conjugation

Euglena super group

Excavata

Euglena division

Euglenophyta

Euglena kingdom

Euglenozoa

Euglena mode of nutrition

Autotrophic and Heterotrophic; paramylon, a glucose polymer is stored.

Euglena cellular structure

Pellicle, chloroplast, flagella, eyespot; crystalline rod in flagella;unicellular

Euglena habitat

Freshwater

Euglena life cycle

binary fission

Dinoflagellates

Dinoflagellates supergroup

Chromalveolata

Dinoflagellates division

Dinoflagellida

Dinoflagellates kingdom

Alveolata

Dinoflagellates mode of nutrition

Autotrophic (photosynthetic), heterotrophic;
Abundant blooms cause of "red tide";
Providers of food for coral reefs.

Dinoflagellates cellular structure

Chloroplast, two flagella, cellulose plate covering, Alveoli, unicellular, colonial

Dinoflagellates habitat

Marine, freshwater;
Some mutualistic symbionts of coral polyps; part of phytoplankton

Dinoflagellates life cycle

Binary fission

Diatoms supergroup

Chromalveolata

Diatoms division

Bacillariophyta

Diatoms kingdom

Stramenopila

Diatoms mode of nutrition

Autotrophic (photosynthetic); stores food as laminarin;
Help to provide oxygen to the atmosphere

Diatoms cellular structure

Silica shell (2 total)- one fits into the other; Unicellular or colonial.

Diatoms habitat

Marine and Freshwater; part of phytoplankton.

Diatoms life cycle

Life Cycle: Asexually by mitosis, sexual forming egg and sperm.

Macrocystis

Macrocystis supergroup

Chromalveolata

Macrocystis division

Chromalveolata/Phaeophyta- Kelp, Brown algae

Macrocystis kingdom

Stramenopila

Macrocystis mode of nutrition

Autotrophic (photosynthetic).

Macrocystis cellular structure

Thallus- Body, Holdfast- like root
Blade-like leaf Stipe-like stem; Multicellular

Macrocystis habitat

Marine.

Macrocystis life cycle

Alteration of generation between a gametophyte and sporophyte.

Fucus supergroup

Chromalveolata/

Fucus division

Chromalveolata/Phaeophyta- Brown algae

Fucus kingdom

Stramenopila.

Fucus mode of nutrition

Autotrophic (photosynthetic).

Fucus cellular structure

Air bladders; multicellular.

Fucus habitat

Marine.

Fucus life cycle

Alteration of generation between a gametophyte and Sporophyte.

Spirogyra supergroups

Archaeplastida

Spirogyra division

Chlorophyta-Green Algae

Spirogyra kingdom

...

Spirogyra mode of nutrition

Autotrophic
(photosynthetic).

Spirogyra cellular structure

Spiral chloroplast,Conjugation tubes, zygospores;Filamentous.

Spirogyra habitat

Freshwater.

Spirogyra life cycle

Conjugation

Coralline Algae

Coralline Algae supergroup

Archaeplastida

Coralline Algae division

Rhodophyta-Red Algae pigment.

Coralline Algae kingdom

...

Coralline Algae mode of nutrition

Autotrophic (photosynthetic).

Coralline Algae cellular structure

Cell walls contain calcium Calcium Carbonate;multicellular.

Coralline Algae habitat

Marine

Coralline Algae life cycle

Alteration of generation

Dictydium supergroup

Unikonta

Dictydium division

Unikonta/Acrasiomycota-cellular slime mold

Dictydium kingdom

Fungi

Dictydium mode of nutrition

Saprophytic.

Dictydium cellular structure

Unicellular

Dictydium habitat

Moist places

Dictydium life cycle

Asexual and Sexual

Stemonitis

Stemonitis supergroup

Unikonta

Stemonitis division

Myxomycota-lasmodial slime mold.

Stemonitis kingdom

Amoebozoa

Stemonitis mode of nutrition

Saprophytic, engulfs food through phagocytosis.

Stemonitis cellular structure

Unicellular.

Stemonitis habitat

Moist soil, rotting logs.

Stemonitis life cycle

Sexual.

Physarum supergroup

Unikonta

Physarum division

Myxomycota-Plasmodial slime mold.

Physarum kingdom

Amoebozoa

Physarum mode of nutrition

Saprophytic, engulfs food through phagocytosis.

Physarum cellular structure

Unicellular.

Physarum habitat

Moist soil, rotting logs.

Physarum life cycle

Sexual

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