cis test 1 study guide

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graphical user interface (GUI)

uses graphics or pictures to represent commands and actions and lets you see document formatting on the screen as it will look when printed on paper.

desktop

the working area of the windows 7 screen, consisting of program icons, a taskbar, gadgets (optional), and a start button.

gadget

small dynamic programs that run on the desktop, such as a clock, a stock market ticker, or a weather forecast

icon

a graphic representation of an object that you can select and open, such as a drive, a disk, a folder, a document, or a program

start button

the button on the left side of the taskbar that is used to start programs, change system settings, find windows help, search for programs or documents, or shut down the computer

taskbar

displays the start button and icons for any open programs. the taskbar also displays shortcut buttons for other programs

menu bar

the bar near the top of a window that lists the names of menu categories

screen tip

a small box, activated by pointing to a button or other screen object, that displays the name of or further info about the screen element

address bar

a toolbar that displays the organizational path to the active file, folder, or window.

title bar

the area at the top of a window that includes the minimize, maximize, and close buttons. the title bar also often contains the name of the program and the name of the open document.

screensaver

a picture or animation that displays on your screen after a preset period of computer inactivity

dialog box

a box that asks you to make a decision about an individual object or topic. the ribbons screen saver is selected, and a preview displays near the top of the dialog box. the default length of inactivity to trigger the screen saver is 1 minuite

start menu

gives you acess to all of the programs on your computer, and also enables you to change the way windows operates, to access and ocnfigure your network, and to get help and support when it is needed.

all programs

which takes you to a list of all of the programs you can access on the computer

submenu

a second level menu; the arrow indicates that more items can be found related to the menu command.

snipping tool

you can use to capture a screen shot, or snip, of the entire screen or of any object on your screen, and then make notes on, save, or share the image. you will use this tool throughout this chapter.

maximize

enlarges the window to occupy the entire screen, and you can restore a window, which reduces the window to the size it was before being maximized.

restore

reduces the window to the size it was before being maximized.

minimize

reduces the window to a button on the taskbar, removing it from the screen entirely without actually closing it.

scroll box

displays within the vertical and horizontal scroll bars and provides a visual indication of your location within the info displayes. it can be used with the mouse to reposition the info on the screen

file

to save info so it is not lost when you turn of computer u must save it on a file.can be stored directly on a drive but more commonly are stored in a folder on the drive

folder

a container for programs and files, represented on the screen by a picture of a common paper file folder.

compress files

reducing the file size of one or more files into a single file that uses a zip file extension.

tags

common file properties that help you find and organize you files.

windows explorer

a program used to create and manage folders, and to copy, move, sort, and delete files

file list

displays the contents of the item selected in the naviagation pane.

file extension

files you see may display three or four letters following the file name.

search box

a box in which you type a search word or phrase.

subfolder

a folder within a folder

navigate

explore within the organizing structure of windows to create, save, and find your files and folders by using the windows explorer program.

folder window

displays the contents of the current folder, library, or device, and contains helpful parts so that you can navigate within windows.

program application

set of instructions used by a computer to perform a task, such as word processing or accounting

microsoft office 2010

includes programs, servers, and services or individuals, small organizations, and large enterprises.

file tab

displays microsoft office backstge view, which is a centralized space for all of you file management tasks such as opening, saving, printing, bublishing, or sharing a file-all the things you can do with a file

group names

indicate the name of the groups of related commands on the displayed tab

ribbon

dispalys a group of task oriented tabs that contain the commands, styles, and resources you need to work in an office 2010 program.

ribbon tabs

display the names of the task oriented tabs relevant to the open program

edit

the actions of making changes to text or graphics in an office file.

pointer

any symbol that displays on your screen in response to moving your mouse

keyboard shortcut

any combination of two or more keyboard keys, used to perform a task that would otherwise require a mouse

mini toolbar

a small toolbar containing frequently used formatting commands that displays as a result of selecting text or objects

select

to highlight by dragging with your mouse areas of text or data or graphics, so that the selection can be edited, formatted, copied, or moved

right click

the action of clicking the right mouse button one time

shortcut menu

a menu that displays commands and options relevant to the selected text or object

gallery

an office feature that displays a list of potential results instead of just the command name

location

any disk drive, folder, or other place in which you can store files and folders

quick commands

the commands save,save as, open, and close that display at the top of the navigation pane in backstage view

info tab

the tab in backstage view that displays info about the current file

common dialog boxes

the set of dialog boxes that include open, save, and save as, which are provided by the windows programming interface, and which display and operate all of the office programs in the same manner.

quick access toolbar

in an office program, the small row of buttons in the upper left corner of the screen from which you can perform frequently used commands

tabs

on the office ribbon the name of each activty are in the office ribbon

groups

on the office ribbon, the stes of related commands that you might need for a specific type of task

task pane

a window within a microsoft office application in which you can enter options for completing a command

key tip

the letter that displays on a command in the ribbon and that indicated the key you can press to activate the command when keyboard control of the ribbon is activated.

computer

A programmable electronic device that can input, process, output, and store data.

server

When computers are connected together in a network, servers are computers that manage network resources through administrative software.

hardware

A computer and any connected equipment

system unit

Houses internal components
Provides connection sites for peripheral devices
Peripheral devices provide input and output

software

...

input device

Input Devices
Used to enter data into memory (RAM).
Two most familiar:
Mouse
Keyboard

output device

Output Devices: displays information after data has been processed in a useful format.
Monitors
Printers
Speakers and multimedia projectors

central processing unit

Central Processing Unit (CPU)
The brain of the computer that executes programs and manipulates data
Two main parts:
Control unit
Arithmetic logic unit

memory

Measured in bytes
megabytes (MB), gigabytes (GB), terabytes (TR)
ROM: permanent and nonvolatile
RAM: temporary and volatile

storage device

Used to store data, information, and programs for future use.
Permanent memory

operating system

Manages hardware components

utility software

...

zoom

the action of increasing or decreasing the viewing are on the screen

portrait orientation

a page orientation in which the paper is taller than it is wide.

landscape orientation

a page orientation in which the paper is wider than it is tall

alignment

the placement of paragraph text relative to the left and right margins

font styles

formatting emphasis such as bold, italic, and underline

font

a set of characters with the same design and shape

theme

a predifined format that can be applied to the entire database or to individual objects in the database.
or a set of unified design elements that provides a look for your presentation by applying colors, fonts, and effects

format painter

an office feature that copies formatting from one selection of text to another

copy

a command that duplicates a selection and places it on the clipboard

cut

a command that removes a selection and places it on the clipboard

paste

the action of placing text or objects that have been copied or moved from one location to another location

backstage view

a centralized space for file management tasks; for ex, opening, saving, printing, publishing, or sharing a file. a navigation pane displays along the left side with tabs that group file related tasks together

formatting

the process of etablishing the overall appearance of text, graphics, and pages in an office file-for ex, in a word document

print preview

a view of a document as it will appear when you print it

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