med term. chapter 1-5

283 terms by kellijoy

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frame

a block of information with a number

root

most words have a word ____

combining form

a word root with a vowel attached
ex. speed (0)

suffix

to interpret a new word, begin by looking at the ____

holistic

recognizing that a person is a composite of physical, social, emotional, spiritual, and intellectual needs is a _____ viewpoint

cardi(o)

heart (combining form)

crin(o)

to secrete (combining form)

dermat(o)

skin (combining form)

esthesi(o)

feeling or sensation (combining form)

gastr(o), enter(o)

stomach, intestines (combining form)

immun(o)

immune (combining form)

neur(o)

nerve (combining form)

onc(o)

tumor (combining form)

ophthalm(o)

eye (combining form)

ot(o), laryng(o)

ear, larynx (combining form)

path(o)

disease (combining form)

rhin(o)

nose (combining form)

ur(o)

urinary trace (combining form)

neonatology

branch of medicine that specializes in the care of newborns, infants from birth to 28 days of age

neonatologist

a physician who specializes in neonatology

malignant

tending to become worse, spread, and cause death

psychiatry

medical speciality that deals with the causes, treatment, and prevention of mental, emotional, and behavioral disorders

psychiatrist

a physician who specializes in psychiatry

rehabilitation therapist

restores ones ability to live and work as normally as possible after an injury

word parts

word roots, combining forms, prefixes, and suffixes are all _____

dermatologist

a specialist in skin diseases

endrocrinologist

a physician who treats diseases arising from disordered internal secretions

eponyms

names for diseases, organs, procedures, or body functions that are derived from the name of a person

suffix

attached to the end of a word or word part ot modify its meaning

prefix

a word part that is placed before a word root to modify its meaning

internist

a specialist in internal medicine

cardiac

pertaining to the heart

radiolucent

permitting the passage of radiant energy

clinical pathologist

studies the characteristics, causes, and effects of disease

neurosurgery

surgery of the nervous system

acute

having a severe and relatively short duration

chronic

existing over a long period

triage

method of prioritizing patients according to their needs

hormones

the secretions of endocrine glands

physical therapist

treats body ailments by nonmedical means

abbreviations

shortened forms of words or phrases

word root

the main body of a word

-er, -ist

one who (suffix)

-ac, -al, ic, logic, logical

pertaining to (suffix)

-logist

one who studies, specialist (suffix)

-iatrician

practitioner (suffix)

-iatrics, -iatry

medical profession or treatment (suffix)

-logy

study or science of (suffix)

epidemic

attacks several people in a region at the same time

epidemiology

field of medicine that studies the factors and determines the frequency and distribution of disease

pharmacolgy

the study of drugs

optician

specializes in correcting vision

signs

definitve evidence of an illness or disordered function
OBJECTIVE

symptoms

evidence as perceived by the patient, such as pain
SUBJECTIVE

diagnosis

identification of a disease or condition by a scientific evaluation of physical signs, symptoms, history, tests, and procedures

CT

computed tomography (abb. form)

therapeutic radiology

uses radiation to treat cancer

amniocentesis

surgical punture of the amnion

incision

cutting into

excision

cutting out or removal

ophthalmotomy

incision of the eye

-cele

hernia (suffix)

-ose

words that usually refer to sugars (suffix)

-ase

words that usually refer to enzymes (suffix)

dent(i), dent(o)

tooth (combining form)

opt(o), optic(o)

vision (combining form)

or(o)

mouth (combining form)

pharmac(o)

drugs or medicine (combining form)

therapeut(o)

treatment (combining form)

an-

no, not, or without (prefix)

endo-

inside (prefix)

-crine

secrete (suffix)

optometrist

One who measures vision

ophthalmologist

physician who specializes in diagnosing and treating diseases and disorders of the eyes and vision

CC

chief complaint (abb. form)

DOB

date of birth (abb. form)

Dx

diagnosis (abbreviated term)

ENT

ears, nose, throat (abbreviated term)

HIPAA

heath insurance portability and accountability act (abbreviated term)

HPI

history of present illness (abbreviated term)

Hx

history (abb. term)

OB

obstectrics (abb. term)

OR

operating room (abb. term)

PA

physicians assistant (abb. term)

PE

physical exam (abb. term)

blephar(o)

eyelid (combining form)

-algia, dynia

pain (suffix)

-ectasia, -ectasis

dialation or stretching of a structure or part (suffix)

-edema

swelling (suffix)

-emesis

to vomit, vomiting (suffix)

-malacia

soft, softening (suffix)

-oid

resembling (suffix)

-penia

deficiency (suffix)

-rrhage, -rrhagia

excessive bleeding or hemorrhage (suffix)

-rrhea

flow or discharge (suffix)

-rrhexis

rupture (suffix)

-spasm

twitch, cramp (suffix)

-stasis

stopping, controlling (suffix)

-megaly

enlargement (suffix)

-gram

record (suffix)

-graph

instrument used to record (suffix)

-graphy

process of recording(suffix)

-meter

instrument used to measure(suffix)

-scope

instrument used for viewing (suffix)

-scopy

visual examination with a lighted instrument (suffix)

electrocardiography

process of recording electrical activity of the heart

otoscopy

examination of the outer ear

ech(o)

sound (combining form)

electr(o)

electricity (combining form)

fluor(o)

emitting or reflecting light (combining form)

radi(o)

radiant energy (combining form)

tom(o)

to cut (combining form)

ultra-

excessive

algesi(o)

sensitivity to pain (combining form)

chem(o)

chemical (combining form)

cry(o)

cold (combining form)

narc(o)

stupor (combining form)

therm(o)

heat (combining form)

-centesis

surgical punture to aspirate or remove fluid (suffix)

-ectomy

excision, surgical removal or cutting out (suffix)

-lysis

process of loosening, freeing, or destroying (suffix)

-pexy

surgical fixation (fastening in a fixed position) (suffix)

-plasty

surgical repair (suffix)

-rrhaphy

suture (uniting a wound by stitches) (suffix)

-stomy

formation of an opening (suffix)

-tome

an instrument used for cutting (suffix)

-tomy

incision (cutting into tissue) (suffix)

-tripsy

surgical crushing (suffix)

ophthalmotomy

incision of the eye

colonoscopy

examination of the colon

colonoscope

the instrument used in the examination of the colon

colectomy

excision of the colon (or portion of it)

colorrhaphy

suture of the colon

angioplasty

plastic surgery on vessels

angiorrhaphy

repair of the vessel

a.c.

before meals (abbreviated term)

b.i.d

two times a day (abbreviated term)

MRI

magnetic resonance imaging (abbreviated term)

NPO

nothing by mouth (abbreviated term)

q.i.d

four times a day (abbreviated term)

t.i.d.

three times a day (abbreviated term)

WNL

within normal limits (abbreviated term)

-itis

inflammation (suffix)

-lith

stone or calculus (suffix)

-mania

excessive preoccupation (suffix)

-maniac

person who shows excessive preoccupation (suffix)

-oma

tumor (suffix)

-osis

condition (suffix)

-pathy

disease (suffix)

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