No state law can conflict with a ____ ____
____ law always wins
Constitution protects ____ in different ways
Each ___ governs itself
What does government law list?
What they can't do - not what they can.
What are five things a state cannot do?
1. Make a treaty with a foreign country
2. Declare war
3. Keep an army during peace time
4. Issue their own money
5. Tax imports from other country/states
_____ & _____ are examples of reserved powers?
marriage and divorce & regulate education
Each state is responsible for the public's ____, ____, and _____
healthy , safety , and welfare
McColluch v Maryland occured in ____
Because of the McCulloch v Maryland case , Maryland cannot tax a U.S bank in ____
What was the impact of the McCulloch v Maryland case?
If a state power conflicts with the powers of the federal government the federal government wins
federal and state together fund ___,____, and ___
highways , education , and welfare
grant programs usually require _____
lower government contributions
Constitution requires a ____ form of government
Every constitution has a ________
separation of powers
most ____ have their own bill of rights
Why do most states have their own bill of rights?
They include rights not included in the national bill of rights.
States establish different types of government at ____ levels
What is home -rule charter?
a local plan of government
Louisiana allows ____ ____ charter
What does a home-rule charter regulate?
the ways governments raise & spend money
____ _____ is the highest law in any state
Why is state law the highest law?
Because it follows federal law , while including extra rights
What are the three branches of government?
legislative , executive , judicial
On a state level , senators serve ____ years
On a national level, senators serve ____ years
On a state and national level , rep's serve ____ years
In most states , the minimum age requirement for rep's is ____
On a national level, the minimum age requirement for rep's is ____
On a national level , minimum age requirement for senators is ____
On a state level , the age requirement range for senators is __ to ___
18 to 30
What are the two different meeting times state legislative can meet?
some meet year round , some have regular sessions that are 60 days every other year
Each house must have a ____
the ____ ____ selects the leader
Each house has various _____
_____ committees settle disputes over bills
The _____ determines how districts are made
The census is taken every ____ years
The Baker v Carr case occurred in ___
What did the baker v carr case establish?
That federal courts can hear suits to force state authorities to re-draw electoral districts
The Renolds v sims case occured in ____
The renolds v sims case established that both chambers of a state legislature must be apportioned on the basis of ____ ____
What principle was established in the renolds v sims case?
one man one vote
What does " one man one vote" mean?
- every mans vote should be the same
- districts should represent people not tree's
The government is expected to protect ____
The government is expected to regulated _____
The government is expected to reduce ____
Many grants from the federal government can be lost due to __________
lack of funding
Government can either cut state programs or _________
raise taxes to pay for them
The ____ branch is the office of the governor
In MOST states, to be governor you have to be ___
Governors serve __ year terms
Governors have to have at least ___ years residency
People vote directly for _____ ( no electoral votes)
Almost every state has _____, and some have _____
impeachment , recall
What is recall?
call for a new election
What is the governors number 1 job?
To carry out laws passed by congress
What is the president's number 1 job?
To carry out laws passed by congress
Governors have ___ ____ that manage other areas
____ can suggest new bills
In some states , governor has ___ ___ veto
governors can grant ___, ___, or ______
pardons , parole, or commute ( shorten )prisonal sentences
Governor is commander in chief of _____
state national guard
The department has many ____
offices ( such as justice , agriculture , labor)
Governors have boards/commissions to handle peoples ____
What is the lower ( trial) courts job?
to interpret and apply the law
State courts have ___ levels
The lowest trial court has ___ types
What are the two different types of court levels?
- one for minor infractions
- one for bigger trials & lawsuits
What examples of some minor infractions?
petty theft and moving violations
___ ____ sometimes have no lawyers
Rural/small towns sometimes have a _________ for less serious crimes
justice of the peace
Appeals court is the same as the _____
national appeals court
State supreme court is the same as national, except for what?
its the highest authority in the state , rather then the nation
The selection of judges varies from _____
what are the four ways states select judges?
1. Popular votes
2. Elected by the state legislature
3. Governor appointment - legislative approval
4. Missouri plan ( governor appoints combined with a popular election)