The Unofficial AP English Language and Composition Vocabulary Guide Week 19

49 terms by thetallguy

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theme

1. a conversation's subject

theme

2. a central idea, moral, or message, of an essay, paragraph, movie, book or video
game; often about life, society, or human nature, a theme is implied, timeless, and
universal

realism

1. being accurate to the original in life

realism

2. a style of art using accuracy

realism

3. a sensible or pragmatic state

archetype

1. the standard, perfect example, or prototype

emblem

2. a sign representing an object or group of persons

emblem

1. an object representing a quality

motif

1. a recurring structure, contrast, or literary device in a written or artistic work that
repeats itself, to reinforce the theme; whereas the theme is presented through text,
the motif is presented through recurring elements that represent an idea
Examples of motifs: colors, objects, situations

motif

2. a recurring design

symbolism

1. using symbols—figures or representations—to convey a message, idea, or theme

utopia

1. an ideal place

utopia

2. a place of social flawlessness

antihero/anti-heroine

Definition
1. a protagonist in a novel or play who is lacking in the traditional qualities needed to
be a hero/heroine

hamartia

1. tragic flaw

climax

1. In a story, the most intense, peak moment of the story that is the key turning point in
the plot

hero/heroine

1. a man/woman of noble character who performs a gallant act

protagonist

1. a proponent

protagonist

2. The lead character in a book or play whom we follow, cheer on, and grow to love

antagonist

1. an adversary or opponent

antagonist

2. in a story, the adversary against the protagonist

dialogue

1. In a story or play, the conversation of a character to another

interior dialogue

1. In a story or play, the conversation that a character has with him or herself, inside his
or her head, usually written in italics to represent the self-nature of the word or
words

poetic license

Definition
1. the liberty taken by a writer or artist that allows him or her to stray from
conventional form, in order to make a point and construct a desired effect for the
audience

persona

1. a character in a novel or play, including the narrator voice

persona

2. an assumed identity

persona

3. in psychology (Jung), the mask or personality that we put on for the public

panegyric

1. statement of formal and elaborate high praise, in a public writing or in a speech

fraudulent

1. dishonest, deceitful, and deliberately misleading

fraudulent

2. fake (false)

solace

1. something giving comfort, consolation, or support in sadness [noun]

solace

2. giving comfort, consolation, or support in sadness consolation [verb]

plinth

1. a rectangular slab-shaped piece at the base of a pier, column, or baseboard

plinth

2. ground-level stones at the base of a wall of a house or building

plinth

3. a flat base on which something is placed

plinth

4. a protruding block at the base and side of a doorframe

ardent

1. passionate (fervent, zealous)

ardent

2. extremely eager and enthusiastic

ardent

3. fierce

ardent

4. fiery hot

palatable

1. pleasant and satisfying in taste (savory)

palatable

2. agreeable (acceptable)

stark

1. complete (absolute, utter) [adjective]

stark

2. grim [adjective]

stark

3. harsh [adjective]

stark

4. severely plain or simple [adjective]

stark

5. utterly [adverb]

Iron Man (You have to have some fun.)

Stark, Tony

renowned

1. famous, well-known; usually a good reputation or distinguished but sometimes
notorious

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