Ch 5 Cardiovascular system vocab #2

20 terms by clablanc 

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erythrocytes

mature red blood cells produced by the red bone marrow

leukocytes

the blood cells involved in defending the body against infective organisms and foreign substances

ischemic heart disease

a group of cardiac disabilities resulting from an insufficient supply of oxygenated blood to the heart

myocardial infarction

the occlusion of one or more coronary arteries caused by plaque buildup (also known as a heart attack)

endocarditis

inflammation of the inner lining of the heart

chronic venous insufficiency

a condition in which venous circulation is inadequate due to partial vein blockage or leakage of venous valves

coronary thrombosis

damage to the heart muscle caused by a thrombus blocking a coronary artery

embolism

the sudden blockage of a blood vessel by an embolus

embolus

a foreign object, such as a blood clot, quantity of air or gas, or a bit of tissue or tumor that is circulating in the blood

leukopenia

describes any situation in which the total number of leukocytes in the circulating blood is less than normal

cholesterol

a fatty substance that travels through the blood and is found in all parts of the body

myelodysplastic syndrome

previously known as preleukimia, is a group of bone marrow disorders that are characterized by the insufficient production of one or more types of blood cells due to dysfunction of the bone marrow

hemolytic anemia

a condition o fan inadequate number of circulating red blood cells due to the premature destruction of red blood cells by the spleen

megaloblastic anemia

a blood disorder characterized by anemia in which the red blood cells are larger than normal

electrocardiogram

a record of the electrical activity of the myocardium

diuretic

administered to stimulate the kidneys to increase the secretion of urine to rid the body of excess sodium and water

hemostasis

to stop or control bleeding

hemoglobin

the iron-containing pigment of the erythrocytes

defibrillation

the use of electrical shock to restore the heart's normal rhythm. Also known as cardioversion.

leukemia

a type of cancer characterized by a progressive increase in the number of abnormal leukocytes found in blood forming tissues, other organs, and in the circulating blood

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