Test 1 - MC - Middle Eastern Origins to Ottomans

Created by jtyler1115 

Upgrade to
remove ads

60 terms

What caused the Sunni-Shia split in the 7th Century?
a. The Sunnis believed a Caliph should be elected, but the Shia felt it should be a hereditary position
b. Differences of opinion about what five aspects should make up the pillars of Islam
c. Debate over whether Jerusalem, Medina, or Mecca should be the destination of the Hajj
d. The influence of Persian or Turkish culture on the Muslim community

a. The Sunnis believed a Caliph should be elected, but the Shia felt it should be a hereditary position

Which of the following DID NOT conquer the area of Palestine (modern day Israel) and then expel the Jewish people living there?
a. New Babylonians (Chaldeans)
b. Romans
c. Hittites
d. Assyrians

c. Hitties

Which of the following is the world's largest religion?
a. Hinduism
b. Christianity
c. Islam
d. Judaism
e. Buddhism

b. Christianity

Which modern day country occupies the area between the Tigris and the Euphrates rivers?
a. Iran
b. Saudi Arabia
c. Iraq
d. Persia
e. Syria

c. Iraq

Which statement best describes Mesopotamians view on religion?
a. Monotheistic God that cared for them & believed there was no afterlife
b. Gods that created the world & then left it alone & believed there was an afterlife
c. Wrathful & vindictive Gods that they feared & believed there was no afterlife
d. God could be pacified with human sacrifices & believed there was an afterlife

c. Wrathful & vindictive Gods that they feared & believed there was no afterlife

Who was the Persian King known for his ruthlessness in battle; attempted unsuccessfully to conquer the Greeks ?

Xerxes

Who was the Byzantine King that expanded his Empire to it's greatest point ?

Justinian

Who led the Ottoman people to one of their most spectacular victories at Constantinople

Mehmet

Who was the Ottoman Sultan that made massive reforms to government, taxation, the legal code and education?

Suleiman

Who was the new Babylonian King famous for exiling Jews from their homeland and destroying the Temple of Solomon?

Nebuchadnezzar

Who attempted to conquer the known world in order to spread his religious beliefs; freed the Jewish slaves in Babylon?

Cyrus

Who was the old Babylonian King who created the first unified law code?

Hammurabi

Who was a tribal leader that left in the wake of the Mongol invasion, he unified his people into the Ottoman Empire?

Osman

Who was the founder of a major religion in the ancient world which had profound impacts on the 3 monothestic religions of today?

Zoroaster

Who was the Akkadian king who conquered the Sumerian city states in 2350BCE?

Sargon

True or False: The Persian Empire began in modern day in Iran and expanded from Asia to the Anatolian
peninsula, even reaching the Caucus region and Egypt.

True

Why was Hagia Sophia, the great Eastern Orthodox cathedral of Constantinople, spared by the Ottoman Sultan in 1453?
a. He declared his wishes to turn it into a Mosque
b. A symbolic gesture of mercy
c. It contained priceless examples of Byzantine art
d. All of the Above

d. All of the Above

True or False: The teachings of Muhammad and the early Caliphs protects the rights of religious minorities in Muslim communities if they pay the Jizya.

True

Which of the following Empires/Dynasties fought in the 1st and 2nd Crusades & spread Persian
culture to the Anatolian Peninsula?
a. Seljuk
b. Amorites
c. Chaldeans
d. Sufis
e. Ottomans

a. Seljuk

Which King built the city of Persepolis and made it his ceremonial capital during his conquests of much of the known world?
a. Darius I
b. Xerxes
c. Cyrus
d. Alexander the Great

a. Darius I

Which empire's greatest leader Nebuchadnezzar, restored the glory of Babylon and built the Hanging Gardens?

Chaldeans

Which empire was the first to use chariots in battle & iron weapons?

Hittites

What warlike nation that used forced exile to keep its people from uprising against them?

Assyrians

Which empire with seafaring merchants coined the first money?

Lydians

Who were enslaved by the Egyptians, Assyrians, and Chaldeans; eventually freed by Persians ?

Israelites

In the name of Zoroastrianism, which empire set out to conquer the known world?

Persians

Which empire of seafaring merchants created the basis for our alphabet?

Phoenicians

Other than law, what field are the Old Babylonians most famous for their advances in?
a. Mathematics
b. Medicine
c. Literature
d. Engineering
e. History

a. Mathematics

The Gods of Mesopotamia were "anthropomorphic". What does this mean?
a. They were often half human and half animal
b. They represented different aspects of astronomy
c. They were harsh and vindictive upon mortals
d. They brought about natural disasters

a. They were often half human and half animal

True or False: The expansion of Islam & the spread of Middle East culture in the 6th and 7th Centuries AD
reached all the way across North Africa to Spain.

True

True or False: The Egyptians built huge stone temples called Zigurats to honor their dead Pharaohs.

False

Why is the "Epic of Gilgamesh" important to students of history today?
a. It relates the first unified law code known to man, it's system of an "eye for an eye" continues in many legal systems
b. It is printed on papyrus that has been preserved for thousands of years
c. It shows the fragility of life during those times and how harsh the Sumerians environment could be
d. It chronicles the conquest of the known world by the Assyrian armies

c. It shows the fragility of life during those times and how harsh the Sumerians environment could be

Which Sumerian city-state was Abraham's family from?
Lagash
a. Ur
b. Kish
c. Uruk
d. Eridu

a. Ur

What was the primary occupation of the first people living in Mesopotamia?
a. Artisan
b. Merchant
c. Soldier
d. Farmer
e. Priest

d. Farmer

Which of the apostles is most credited with the spreading of Christianity after Christ's death?
a. Matthew
b. Mark
c. Luke
d. John
e. Paul

e. Paul

In which country are both Mecca & Medina, two of the holiest sites in Islam?
a. Saudi Arabia
b. Iran
c. Egypt
d. Iraq
e. Afghanistan

a. Saudi Arabia

True or False: The tribes of Israel immediately split into two nations after the death of King David, becoming
Judea & the Kingdom of Israel.

False

Which of the following is the primary disagreement between Jews & Christians?
a. The importance of the 10 Commandments
b. The divinity of Jesus Christ as the Messiah promised in the Old Testament
c Which of Abraham's sons they trace their early history through
d. The belief in the Genesis story for the creation of mankind

b. The divinity of Jesus Christ as the Messiah promised in the Old Testament

Which of the following is NOT one of the Five Pillars of Islam?
a. Faith- in one God and his prophet Muhammed
b. Prayer- five times daily
c. Holy War- defending Muslims from persecution
d. Almsgiving- charity work or donations for the poor
e. Fasting- during the ninth month of the Muslim calendar

c. Holy War- defending Muslims from persecution

Why is the Kaaba the most sacred site of the Muslim faith?
a. It is the largest Mosque in the world
b. It sits on the site of a temple beleived to be built by Abraham
c. It holds the first copy of the Qu'ran ever produced
d. This is the spot from which Mohamed accended into Heaven
e. It contains the graves of the first three Caliphs

b. It sits on the site of a temple beleived to be built by Abraham

Which of the following is the primary Holy Scripture of Islam?
a. Torah
b. Qu'ran
c. Old Testament
d. New Testament
e. Analects

b. Qu'ran

During the Byzantine Empire, what was issue that split the Catholic Church (into Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox)?
a. The veneration of icons
b. The seven sacriments
c. Practices of communion
d. Speaking in tongues
e. The sale of indulgences

a. The veneration of icons

Which of the following WAS NOT an accomplishment of Alexander the Great?
a. Conquering much of the known world in his early 20's
b. Taking back the Holy Land from the Muslims
c. Building one of the greatest libraries of the ancient world
d. Having dozens of cities named after himself
e. Spreading Greek culture and learning

b. Taking back the Holy Land from the Muslims

Which of the following was the Phoenicians greatest trading post?
a. Byblos
b. Jerusalem
c. Alexandriad.
d. Carthage
e. Rome

d. Carthage

Please order the following religions from oldest to newest by the time of their founding.
Christianity
Zoroastrianism
Islam
Judaism

Zoroastrianism
Judaism
Christianity
Islam

What was the capital of the Assyrians? It contained a magnificent library of the ancient world.
a. Babylon
b. Ninevah
c. Hattusa
d. Byblos

b. Ninevah

Which leader is responsible for the building of the resplendent Topkapi Palace in
Constantinople?
a. Mehmet II
b. Nebuchadnezzar
c. Cyrus the Great
d. Osman I
e. Darius I

a. Mehmet II

What is the leader of a Jewish religious service called?
a. Rabbi
b. Iman
c. Synagogue
d. Torah
e. Caliph

a. Rabbi

Why was Abraham asked to kill his son Issac by God in the Biblical story?
a. As a show of faith
b. Because Issac had sinned
c. Ishmael was destined for greatness
d. To punish Abraham
e. Demons inhabited his body

a. As a show of faith

Yes or No: Do any of the monotheistic religions studied in class during this unit believe in reincarnation?

No

What are Shia Muslim religious leaders called?
a. Suffi
b. Caliphate
c. Imam
d. Abu Bakr

c. Imam

Why was Mesopotamia a logical place for human civilization to begin?
a. The fertile land between the two rivers provided for plentiful agriculture
b. The natural defenses of mountains and desserts kept out invaders
c. The rich deposits of gold and silver made for profitable trade
d. The area was prone to few natural disasters

a. The fertile land between the two rivers provided for plentiful agriculture

What most directly caused the fall of Constantinople in 1453 to the Ottomans?
a. A widespread outbreak of plague within the city
b. After a long siege the city ran out of food & surrendered
c. Superior military tactics by the Ottoman Sultan
d. The Muslim forces were able to tunnel under the city wall
e. The sudden death of the Eastern Orthodox Petrarch

c. Superior military tactics by the Ottoman Sultan

Why did early Sumerian civilizations primarily use bronze to make weapons and armor?
a. There were vast deposits of it in their homeland
b. Bronze was easy and inexpensive to make
c. It was more durable and flexible than iron
d. The metal is stronger than either of its 2 components

d. The metal is stronger than either of its 2 components

True or False: In ancient and modern times, the majority of Egyptians have lived within a short distance of
the Nile River.

True

True or False: Muhammad wrote the Qu'ran himself to transcribe the revelations he had from the angel
Gabriel.

False

True or False: Empress Theodora had great influence over her husband Justinian in the ruling and reforms of the Byzantine Empire.

True

At which European Capital were the armies of Suleiman the Magnificent turned back?
a. Budapest
b. Athens
c. Bucharest
d. Rome
e. Vienna

e. Vienna

Which group of people were the first to conquer the city-states of Sumeria?
a. Old Babylonians
b. Akkadians
c. Hittites
d. Persians
e. Phoenicians

b. Akkadians

What was the significance of Saladin of the Ayyubid dynasty?
a. He spread Shia Islam to modern day Iran
b. He freed the Jews and allowed them to return to Palestine
c. He captured the Northern part of India and founded a Sunni Empire
d. He led his armies to several important victories against the Crusaders

d. He led his armies to several important victories against the Crusaders

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set