Roman Catholic church in France, headed by the monarch, not the pope
made up of Bourgeoisie, urban lower class, and peasant farmers
Lettre de cachet
letter bearing a seal ordering the imprisonment without trial of a person the letter names
a political and social system that no longer governs (especially the system that existed in France before the French Revolution)
King Louis XVI famous economic advisor, often dismissed, he might have delayed the Revolution had his advice been heeded
cahiers de doleances
statements of local grievances that were drafted throughout France during the elections to the Estates-General
Tennis Court Oath
vow by members of the 3rd estate not to disband until a constitution was written
A wave of senseless panic that spread through the French countryside after the storming of the Bastille in 1789
French revolutionary leader who was a leader in overthrowing the Girondists and was stabbed to death in his bath by Charlotte Corday
Clergy elected by people. priests and bishops have to take oath of loyalty to France, Priests and Bishops paid by state. Refracting Priests refuse to take the oath of loyalty.
Radical republicans during the French Revolution. They were led by Maximilien Robespierre from 1793 to 1794.
Delegates in the National Convention who favored a republic but feared domination by Paris.
Declaration of Pillnitz
the promise by Austria and Prussia to protect the French monarchy
a young lawyer who co-led the mountain w/ Robpierre
Committee of Public Safety
The leaders under Robespierre who organized the defenses of France, conducted foreign policy, and centralized authority during the period 1792-1795.
The head of the Committee Of Public Safety during the Reign Of Terror.
Levee en masse
A national draft in France in 1794, created under the Jacobins, of a citizen army with support from young and old, heralding the emergence of modern warfare.
Reign of Terror
This was the period in France where Robespierre ruled and used revolutionary terror to solidify the home front. He tried rebels and they were all judged severely and most were executed
Name given to the reaction against the radicalism of the French Revolution. It is associated with the end of the Reign of Terror and reassertion of bourgeoisie power in the Directory.
Coup d'Etat Brumaire
when Napoleon overthrew the Directory and replaced it with the Consulate which held power in three consuls