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august

adj
majestic; inspiring awe or admiration

condescend

verb
a. to lower oneself to the level of one considered inferior
b. to treat others as though they are inferior; to patronize

deference

noun
respectful yielding to the opinion or wishes of another; courteous respect

grovel

verb
a. to behave so humbly that is demeaning
b. to lie or creep face downward, as in humanity

lackey

noun
one who does lowly jobs for another; one who follows all orders without questioning them

predominate

verb
a. to be greatest in number or importance
b. to have or gain the greatest power or influence; prevail

slavish

adj
a. acting completely under the will of another; like a slave; servile
b. showing no originality; blindly imitating

subjugation

noun
the act of conquering or bringing under control; enslavement

supercilious

adj
proudly scornful; disdainful

sycophant

noun
a person attempting to win favor by flattering important people

flagrant

adj
noticeable bad; conspicuously offensive; glaring

furtive

adj
sneaky and secretive; characterized by stealth; sly

latent

adj
present or capable of coming into existence, but not visible, evident, or active

ostensible

adj
apparent; represented as true; possible or seemingly true on the surface

salient

adj
strikingly conspicuous; prominent or significant

sequester

verb
a. to isolate someone or something; to seclude
b. to seize or gain possession of property

subterfuge

noun
a deceptive strategem or trick

surreptitious

adj
obtained, done, or made by secret or stealthy means

unobtrusively

adverb
acting in a manner that does not attract attention

vaunt

verb
to boast of; to brag
noun
a boastful remark; speech of extravagant self-praise

autocratic

adj
ruling with unlimited power or authority

autonomy

noun
independence; self-determination or self-governance

caste

noun
a social class separated from others by profession, wealth, or hereditary rank

despot

noun
a. a ruler with absolute power
b. a person who wields power

feudal

adj
relating to a system in which people (called "vassals") were given protection and the use of land, in return for loyalty, payments, and services to a lord

hegemony

noun
dominance, especially that of a country, region or group over others

oligarchy

noun
a. government by a few, especially by a small faction of people or families
b. a state governed by a few people or families

sovereign

a. adj
self-governing; independent
b. adj
having supreme rank or power
c. noun
a king, queen, or other noble person who serves as head of state; a ruler or monarch

totalitarian

adj
relating to a form of government with absolute and centralized control over every aspect of people's lives

usurp

verb
a. to take hold power or rights by force and without legal authority
b. to take the place of or occupy without right

diligence

noun
a. steady effort; persistent hard work
b. attentive care; carefulness

fastidious

adj
a. possessing or displaying careful attention to detail
b. picky; difficult to please

finicky

adj
difficult to please; insisting on getting exactly what one wants

imprudent

adj
unwise; doing things without careful thought or judgment

judicious

adj
having or exhibiting good, sound judgment

meticulous

adj
extremely careful and precise

minutia

noun
a small, minor, or trivial detail

slovenly

adj
a. untidy; sloppy in dress or appearance
b. marked by carelessness or negligence; shoddy

trepidation

noun
a. anxiety; a state of alarm, dread, or fear
b. involuntary trembling or quivering

unmindful

adj
failing to give due care or attention; inattentive

condemn

verb
a. to express strong disapproval of
b. to give a judgment against; to sentence
c. to declare to be unfit for use, often by official order

culpable

adj
deserving of blare or punishment for being wrong, evil, or harmful

exonerate

verb
a. to free from blame
b. to free from a responsibility, an obligation, or a task

extort

verb
to obtain by force or threat

incorrigible

adj
a. incapable of being corrected or reformed
b. difficult or impossible to control

malfeasance

noun
wrongdoing or misconduct, especially by a public officials

misdemeanor

noun
a minor offense; a misdeed

purloin

verb
to steal, often in violation of trust; to commit theft

ruffian

noun
a. a gangster or thug
b. a tough or rowdy person; a troublemaker

unscrupulous

adj
lacking moral restraint; scornful of what is right or honorable

banter

verb
to converse in a playful or teasing way
noun
an exchange of good-humored, playful remarks

caricature

noun
a representation in which distinctive traits are exaggerated or distorted for comic effect
verb
to represent or imitate in an exaggerated or distorted manner

droll

adj
amusingly odd

facetious

adj
playfully joking; humorous; not meant to be taken seriously

flippant

adj
humorous in a disrespectful, casual way; rudely witty

hilarity

noun
great merriment; extreme amusement

ludicrous

adj
ridiculously, laughably absurd

mirth

noun
good spirits; happiness and merriment, especially as expressed by laughter

whimsical

adj
playful or unpredictable

witticism

noun
a clever remark or saying

analogy

noun
a comparison highlighting a similarity between otherwise dissimilar things

antithesis

noun
a. the direct or exact opposite
b. a figure of speech in which contrasting ideas are placed side by side in parallel phrases

commensurate

adj
corresponding in size or degree; proportionate

congruence

noun
agreement, harmony, or correspondence

deviate

verb
to depart or turn aside from a path, direction, or course of action

disparity

noun
the condition or fact of being unequal or different; inequality

heterogeneous

adj
consisting of many different elements or types; varied

homogeneous

adj
similar in kind or nature; uniform

nuance

noun
a subtle or slight degree of difference

tantamount

adj
equivalent in significance, effect, or value

austerity

noun
a. severe and rigid restrictions, especially those brought about by difficult economic times
b. the quality or lacking luxury or ornamentation; bareness; simplicity
c. the quality of being severe or stern in appearance or manner

depreciate

verb
to decrease or cause to decrease in value or price

equity

noun
a. net value; the value of a business or property minus debt owed
b. fairness; justice

frugal

adj
economical; thrifty; careful or strict in avoiding unnecessary spending

indigent

adj
extremely poor; impoverished; lacking basic necessities

munificent

adj
generous; liberal in giving

pecuniary

adj
having to do with money

recession

noun
a. a general decline in business activity
b. the act of withdrawing or going back

remunerate

verb
to pay for goods provided, services rendered, or losses incurred; to compensate for

solvent

adj
capable of meeting financial obligations; able to pay debts

acrimonious

adj
bitter or sharp in language or tone

chastise

verb
to punish or criticize severely

debunk

verb
to expose or make fun of a false claim or an exaggeration

derogatory

adj
insulting; belittling

disparage

verb
to speak of in a disrespectful or slighting way; to belittle

harass

verb
to irritate or torment repeatedly

impugn

verb
to attack or challenge as false or questionable

innuendo

noun
an indirect or subtle expression of something, usually negative; a hint

invective

noun
abusive or strong critical language

vilify

verb
to make vicious insulting comments about; to slander

didactic

adj
a. intended to teach
b. overly moralistic; preachy

edify

verb
to instruct for intellectual, moral, or spiritual improvement

elucidate

verb
to explain or make clear

erudite

adj
possessing great knowledge and scholarship

esoteric

adj
understood only by an elite, scholarly, or exclusive group; obscure

imbue

verb
a. to inspire or influence thoroughly
b. to stain or dye thoroughly

indoctrinate

verb
to instruct in or impart certain principles or ideology

pedagogy

noun
a. the art or profession of teaching
b. the body of knowledge related to education and teaching

pedantic

adj
overly concerned with or narrowly focused on book learning or formal rules

pundit

noun
a. a person of great learning about a particular topic; an expert
b. a source of opinion; a critic

aegis

noun
protection; sponsorship; guidance

amends

noun
something done to make up for a wrong, an injury, or a mistake; compensation

conciliatory

adj
peacemaking; appeasing; intended to overcome distrust, animosity, or conflict

conducive

adj
tending to cause or bring about; favorable to

extricate

verb
to free from difficulty or entanglement

importune

verb
to annoy with repeated and insistent requests; to ask for urgently or repeatedly

mediate

verb
to help opposing sides reach an agreement; to intervene in a conflict in order to improve the situation

mitigate

verb
to make less severe; to soften, lessen, or moderate

patronize

verb
a. to support or sponsor
b. to go as a customer; to shop at regularly
c. to treat as inferior

renovate

verb
to restore something to an earlier condition, by repairing or remodeling

assertive

adj
acting with confidence and force; sure of one's self

brazen

adj
extremely bold; shamelessly rude or defiant

complaisant

adj
wanting to please; willing to do what pleases others; cheerfully obliging

docile

adj
gentle; easily manageable
or teachable; tame

flamboyant

adj
showy, flashy, vivid or dramatic

intrepid

adj
fearless; having unwavering courage

mellow

adj
relaxed and unhurried; easygoing
verb
to become more relaxed or pleasant

pacific

adj
of a peaceful nature; calm

strident

adj
loud, harsh, grating, or shrill

unabashed

adj
a. not embarrassed; composed
b. not hidden or disguised; obvious

affect

verb
a. to influence; to change
b. to put on a false show or display of
noun
feeling or emotion, especially as shown in facial expressions or body language

effect

noun
a result
verb
to bring about

depredation

noun
a. a predatory attack; a raid
b. damage, destruction, or loss

deprivation

noun
the state of lacking or doing without something; loss

disinterested

adj
impartial; free of bias or self-interest in an outcome

uninterested

adj
without interest; having no interest or concern in a matter

emigrate

verb
to leave one country or region and settle in another

immigrate

verb
to settle in a country or region where one is not a native

precede

verb
to come before

proceed

verb
to go forward or onward

beguile

verb
a. to charm; to delight
b. to deceive skillfully

benevolent

adj.
a. wishing to do good; kindly; characterized by helpful intentions
b. concerned with, or for the benefit of charity

decorum

noun
appropriateness of behavior; propriety

demeanor

noun
the way one behaves or presents oneself; one's manner

feral

adj
a. wild and untamed; savage
b. having returned to an untamed state from domestication

ignoble

adj.
a. mean, unethical, or dishonorable; not noble in character
b. not of the nobility; common

mores

noun
accepted standards and customs of a social group

provincial

adj
a. relating or areas that are far from large cities or capitals
b. not sophisticated, fashionable, or informed; culturally limited
c. limited or narrow in perspective

unseemly

adj
unfitting and inappropriate; grossly improper

wily

adj
cunning; full of trickery or intentions to deceive

aggrandize

verb
a. to make greater in power, influence, stature, or reputation
b. to exaggerate, or make something seem greater than it is

exorbitance

noun
extreme, unreasonable expense or price; being beyond reasonable or proper limits

grandiose

adj
a. trying to seem important; characterized by pretended grandeur
b. grand; magnificent in size, beauty or scope; impressive

gratuitous

adj
unnecessary; unjustified

intemperate

adj
excessive; lacking moderation

multifarious

adj
having great variety; diverse

opulence

noun
a. wealth; affluence
b. great abundance, often to excess; lavishness

profligate

adj
recklessly wasteful; wildly extravagant

satiate

verb
to fully satisfy an appetite or a desire

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