Ch. 5: The American Revolution

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Second Continental Congress

2 weeks after Lexington and Concord, this congress met in Philly, with delegates form every colony except Georgia
-AGREED TO SUPPORT THE WAR
-passed the Olive Branch Petition

Olive Branch Petition

last conciliatory appeal to the king

Common Sense (1776)

Pamphlet written by Paine: helped change the Amer. outlook towards war
-"common sense" for Amer. to break away

Thomas Paine

Revolutionary propagandist, Common Sense

Declaration of Independence (1776)

Continental Congress appointed a committee to draft it; said that the colonies should cut all ties with England (called the colonies the USA)

Thomas Jefferson

delegate from Virginia who wrote most of the Dec. of Independence with Franklin and John Adams

Loyalists/Tories

Supporters of the king

Articles of Confederation (1777)

Congress to be the main coordinating agency of the war effort, only national authority
-FAIL

George Washington

Virginian, 1st president

Battle of Bunker Hill (1775)

First battle of the Revolution; Patriots lost

Saratoga (1777)

British surrender to Americans
-led to a US alliance with FRANCE

Yorktown (1781, Virginia)

Patriots won, Brit. general Cornwallis captured and sent a deputy to FORMALLY SURRENDER

Treaty of Paris (1783)

Gave the US its independence and territory

republican motherhood

Mothers had to instruct their children in the virtues of the republic

Virginia Statute of Religious Liberty (1786)

Complete separation of church and state in Virginia

Ordinance of 1784

Divided western territory into 10 self-governing places: each could petition Congress for statehood when its population equaled the number of free inhabitants of the smallest existing state

Ordinance of 1785

Congress created a system for surveying and selling the western lands
-sales would support the creation of public schools

Northwest Ordinance of 1787

Created a single Northwest Territory and abandoned the 10 self-governing places

Battle of Fallen Timbers (1794)

Indians defeated in Ohio Valley: led to the cession of large parts of present day Ohio, Michigan, and Illinois

Shays's Rebellion (1786, Connecticut, part of Massachusetts)

Prevented the collection of debts (private or public), used force to keep courts from sitting and sheriffs from selling confiscated property
-Daniel Shays (former capt'n in the continental army) issued a set of demands: paper money, tax relief, stoppage on debts, relocation of the state capital from Boston, abolition of imprisonment for debt
-FAIL: dispersed by state militiamen

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