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Articles of Confederation

The first "constitution" governing the United States after the Revolution; it was ratified in 1781 and it provided for a firm league of friendship;" the legislative branch (Congress) had no power to regulate commerce or forcibly collect taxes and there was no national executive or judicial branch.

Great Compromise

1787; this compromise was between the large and small states of the colonies. This compromise resolved that there would be representation by population in the House, and equal representation would exist in the Senate.

Representation

Act of representing; state of being represented.

Bicameral

This is the practice of having two legislative or parliamentary chambers. In which the legislature is a legislature that consists of two chambers or houses.

Cabinet

Persons appointed by a head state to head executive departments of government and act as official advisers.

George Washington

Served as the first president of the United States from 1789 to 1797, and as the commander of the Continental Army in the American Revolutionary War from 1775 to 1783.

John adams

Secretary of State, He served as sixth president under Monroe. In 1819, he drew up the Adams-Onis Treaty in which Spain gave the United States Florida in exchange for the United States dropping its claims to Texas. The Monroe Doctrine was mostly Adams' work.

Judiciary Act of 1789

In 1789 Congress passed this Act which created the federal-court system. The act managed to quiet popular apprehensions by establishing in each state a federal district court that operated according to local procedures.

Bill of Rights

The first ten amendments of the U.S. Constitution, containing a list of individual rights and liberties, such as freedom of speech, religion, and the press.

Alexander Hamilton

1789-1795; First Secretary of the Treasury. He advocated creation of a national bank, assumption of state debts by the federal government, and a tariff system to pay off the national debt.

Whiskey Rebellion

a protest caused by tax on liquor; it tested the will of the government, Washington's quick response showed the government's strength and mercy

Federalist Party

1792-1816. Formed by Alexander Hamilton. Controlled the government until 1801. Wanted strong nationalistic government. Opposed by Democratic Republicans.

Democratic Republican Party

political party led by Thomas Jefferson; it feared centralized political power, supported states' rights, opposed Hamilton's financial plan, and supported ties with France. It was heavily influenced by a agrarian interests in the southern states.

Federalism

a form of government in which power is divided between the federal, or national, government and the states

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