Direct address in poetry. Ex: "Be with me Beauty, for the fire is dying" ~Yeats
The body of devices that enables the writer to operate on levels other than the literal one.
Extreme exaggeration. Ex: loving "until the seas run dry" ~Burns
A direct comparison between dissimilar things. Ex: "Your eyes are stars"
A figure of speech in which a representative term is used for a larger idea. Ex: "The pen is mightier than the sword"
The assigning of human qualities to inanimate objects or concepts. Ex: "the sea that bares her bosom to the moon" ~Wordsworth
An indirect comparison that uses the words "like" or "as" to link the differing items in the comparison. Ex: "Your eyes are like stars"
Something in a literary work that stands for something else. Ex: the sun symbolizes truth in Plato's "The Allegory of the Cave"
A figure of speech that utilizes a part as a representative of the whole. Ex: "All hands on deck"
The opposite of exaggeration. It is a technique for developing irony and/or humor where one writes or says less than intended.
A metaphor in which the comparison is subtle or covert rather than explicit.
The comparison between two things is continued beyond the first point of comparison. This extends and deepens a description.
A metaphor that is central to and runs through an entire work including the title.
a statement or proposition that seems self-contradictory or absurd but in reality expresses a possible truth.
conjoining contradictory terms (as in 'deafening silence')
understatement for rhetorical effect (especially when expressing an affirmative by negating its contrary) Ex: "I was not a little upset." aka Litotes