do away with, put an end to, cancel
to change, modify or add to something already in existence
a document that amends; as in making an addition to the US Constitution
Black Power Movement
a social consciousness & educational movement to unite African Americans & develop their political & economic influence over social policy
to refuse to buy or participate in specific goods, services, or activities -- as a means to increase attention & cause change
Brown vs. Board of Education
Supreme court decision that made Separate-but-Equal policies illegal & called for integration
transporting students to schools outside their neighborhood to make student population within the school more diverse (an attempt at "integration")
the basic rights of citizens, like freedom of speech
Civil Rights Act of 1957
This act brought new laws and freedoms for African Americans, even though it did not erase high unemployment, poor housing, and inadequate education
Civil Rights Act of 1964
law that stated schools that discriminated would lose their federal funding
contributing to; participating in; or being an accomplice in a wrongful act
to bring attention to an issue or event in a way that helps illuminate wrong doing or give public voice to a particular point of view in order to change policy or practices
to reduce, make less, make smaller,
treat differently for improper reasons such as race, gender, religion
diverse; diversity; diversify
a collection of group that is composed of many different or varied component parts, or of people who are distinctly unalike
He asked Congress to pass the Civil Rights Act of 1957
all of the people registered, eligible or entitled to vote in a given election. "The Voters"
to free from slavery or servitude
the young boy from Chicago that was killed for whistling at a white lady in front of a store. His murder is considered by many to be the start of the Civil Rights Movement.
a journey by a large group to escape from a hostile environment
the nickname given to the incidences where blacks rode buses through Alabama and Missisisippi to demosntrate against segregated bus terminals
traveled through the South to protest segregated bus terminals
Used to unite protesters with a single voice during sit-ins & other peaceful demonstrations
"get on the bus"
a phrase meaning "join the movement", or come together on the issues & join in effecting a change
The Republican Party. GOP= "Grand Old Party". The party of "conservatives". One of the two dominant US political groups. Democrats being the other, opposing, or contrasting, "liberal" party.
City in NC where four college students staged a sit-in at Woolworth's lunch restaurant
"I Have A Dream"
the name of MLK, Jr.'s famous speech in which he described his vision of a future, better America of equals
enclose or envelop completely, as if by swallowing; to be fully engrossed; to plunge into liquid
to bring together people of all races & ethnicity as equals, in access to housing, education, healthcare, employment & all aspects of society
Freedom Riders jailed, 1961. Replacement riders follow. Boycotts in 1962, voter drive in 1963. Medgar Evers murdered, 1963. State Capitol
Separate-but-Equal (Segregation Policy) is based on "Jim Crow" laws
Jim Crow Laws
laws that separated whites and blacks in almost all areas of life
KKK (Ku Klux Klan)
Secret organization that actively used violence, lynching & other hate crimes against minorities.
when one does not keep equal pace with the progress, or advancement, of others in a group that would be expected to move together
government-made rule of conduct
person who is elected make laws
place where laws are made
The specific location where MLK delivered his speech
to lynch; a lynching
to cause a person's death by hanging, specifically as a terrorist act (this term is not used when referring to a legal execution by hanging). Related expressions "lynching parties" "lynch mob"
Martin Luther King, Jr (also "MLK")
He led the March on Washington.
The city in Alabama where the bus boycott occurred after Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat on a bus
to act in a way that violates implied ethics or morality, that is dishonest or breaks the law, or that is consider "base behavior" by moral majority opinion
organization that brought lawsuits against cities and states that discriminated
to picket; a picket line; picketers
to protest outside a place to keep people from entering; to picket is to walk or stand as a blockade & to draw public attention to a protest
concerned with the views or interests of ordinary people; advocating for the "common working man"
negative or hostile attitude toward an individual or group without good reason
a State & County level voting process that comes before the National election, to select the candidates who will "run" in the main election.
strongly and publicly disagree and disapprove of an act or law
Formed the Fair Employment Practices Committee and helped African Americans get better positions in the military
a "Red" state
Red referring to the Republican Party's banner color. A Red State is one where a majority of voters vote for Republicans, or are otherwise also considered to be "conservative" or "Conservatives"
She refused to give up her seat on a bus to white man and was later arrested for her resistance
people with low incomes who do not live in cities or industrial areas
forced separation of races, ethnic groups, etc.
where the events of Bloody Sunday March 7th, 1965, took place. A town in central Alabama on the Alabama river. Best known for the 1965 Voting Rights Movement and its marches to Montgomery.
Separate but Equal
policies that require separate public facilities for blacks and whites
a sit-in; to sit-in; sitting-in
to protest & demonstrate against the practices of a specific organization, by entering a place & refusing to leave
the condition of being owned by another person and being made to work without wages
a general belief about a person or group that is used to characterize without acknowledging individual differences or regard to facts
Swann V. Charlotte-Mecklenburg
Supreme court ruling that required busing as a way to integrate schools
The Civil Rights Movement
the president that integrated the military
Voting Rights Act
Law that prohibited the officials controlling voter registration from requiring an "application" (a test) or a "poll tax" (a fee to vote) to stop selected people from voting (Voters Rights Bill)
The location where MLK, Jr. gave his famous "I Have A Dream Speech"