chapter 11- The Jackson Era

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majority

more than half

spoils system

practice of handling out government jobs to supporters

plurality

largest single share

caucus

a meeting held by a political party to choose their party's candidate for president or decide policy

nominating convention

system in which delegates from the states selected the party's presidential candidate

tariff

a tax on imported or exports

nullify

to cancel or make ineffective

secede

to leave or withdraw

andrew jackson

came from the west

john quincy adams

son of former president

nullficiation act

declaring it wouldn't pay the "illegal" tariffs of 1828 and 1832

relocate

to force a person or a group of people to removal

indian removal act

forced native americans to move west

indian territory

an area in present-day oklahoma

tail of tears

cherokee people as the trail where they cried

osceola

refused to leave florida

depression

a period of low economic activity and widespread unempolyment

henry clay

planned to issue of the bank of the united states to defeat jackson in the 1832 election

martin van buren

andrew jackson's friend and vice president

william henry harrison

a whig nominee and hero of the war of 1812

john tyler

harrison's running mate

james polk

democratic candidate for president in election of 1844

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