How a bill becomes a law

35 terms by elliefpsc 

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legislative session

the months in which legislators meet to discuss and pass laws for each of the two years

bicameral legislature

a legislature with two separate chambers, each of which participate in making and adoption of laws

house of representatives

there are 150 people that make up the Vermont house and they each represent about 4,000 citizens

senate

there are 30 people in vermont and each person represents 20,000 people in a district

bill

a proposed law

resolution

a declaration of the legislative body

legislative council

a team of lawyers and administrative staff who work with legislators to write bills and laws

introduce

the first formal step in the process of lawmaking.

sponsors

legislators who propose a bill

legislative committees

a small group of legislators appointed to meet and discuss bills of particular topic or type

speaker of the house

leader elected by the house of represntatives

lieutenant governor

elected by the voters. he or she presided over the senate unless he or she is acting governor

president pro tempore

serves in the lieutenant governors place in his or her absence. elected by members of the senate.

hearings

meetings of a committee where the public is invited to comment on proposed legislation, public issues or policy decisions

lobbyists

individuals who are paid or who spend over $500 to influence legislators to pass or prevent passage of particular laws and policies. often work closely with legislators to help shape bills.

testimony

statements made by people who participate in a legislative hearing

mark-up

to amend or make changes to a bill while it is in committee

passed out favorably

a committee vote to return the bill to the House or Senate with a recommendation that it be approved

passed out favorably with amendment

a committee vote to return the bill to the house or senate with a recommendation that it be approved with changes made by the committee

passed out unfavorably

a committee vote to return the bill to the house or senate with a recommendation that it not be approved

without any recommendations

a bill that is sent back to the house or senate for vote without a committee recomendation.

table the bill

a bill that is kept in committee so that it never goes to a vote by the house or senate. it can be called up again at any time

dies in committee

a bill that is not returned to the house or senate for debat and/or vote

second reading

when the title of a bill is read on the floor of the house or senate for the second time

third reading

when a bill is read by title on the floor of the house or senate for the third time, final vote after on the bill

reporter

a legislator who is a member of the committee that is bringing the bill to the floor for the vote

notice calendar

published every day by the Legislative Council, lists bills that are going to be debated and voted on the following day.

floor debate

before a bill is voted on, legislators debate the bill by arguing in favor or against the bill, they also offer amendments

germane

related to the purpose of the bill

recess

a break form the meeting of the House or Senate

Roll call vote

the house clerk or secretary of the senate reads off each legislator's name, and they answer yea or nay or they can abstain.

house clerk and secretary of the senate

elected by the legislators to help keep track of bills, resolutions, votes and the proceedings of the legislators, and to prepare calendars and journals

conference committee

made up of three senators and three representatives who are appointed by the leadership of their chambers

abstain

to choose not to participate

veto

when the governor decides not to sign a bill into law.

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