5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- hindsight bias
- language acquisition device (LAD)
- a Meaningful units of language that make up words.
- b Tendency, after learning about an event, to believe that one could have predicted the event in advance.
- c Structure in the brain innately programmed with some of the fundamental rules of grammar.
- d A cluster of knowledge about sequences of events and actions expected to occur in particular settings.
- e Cognitive strategies used as shortcuts to solve complex mental tasks; they do not guarantee a correct solution.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- The way an issue is posed; how an issue is framed can significantly affect decisions and judgments.
- Language determines thought.
- Consists of symbols that convey meaning, plus rules for combining those symbols, that can be used to generate an infinite variety of messages.
- Underusing a word.
- The order of words in a language.
5 True/False Questions
innateness theory of language → Children learn language mainly by following an inborn program for acquiring vocabulary and grammar.
working backwards → Eliminates false starts and can only be used when the end goal is clearly specified.
mental set → The order of words in a language.
phonemes → Meaningful units of language that make up words.
overregularization → Applying a grammatical rule too widely and thereby creating incorrect forms.