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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. anchoring bias
  2. linguistic relativity hypothesis
  3. working backwards
  4. overregularization
  5. schema
  1. a Language determines thought.
  2. b Applying a grammatical rule too widely and thereby creating incorrect forms.
  3. c Eliminates false starts and can only be used when the end goal is clearly specified.
  4. d Faulty heuristic caused by basing (anchoring) an estimate on a completely unrelated quality.
  5. e A knowledge cluster or general framework that provides expectations about topics, events, objects, people, and situations in one's life.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. Problem-solving procedures or formulas that guarantee a correct outcome if correctly applied.
  2. The rules of a language.
  3. Tendency to respond to a new problem in the manner used for a previous problem.
  4. Consists of symbols that convey meaning, plus rules for combining those symbols, that can be used to generate an infinite variety of messages.
  5. Ignoring or finding fault with information that does not fit our opinions, and seeking information with which we agree.

5 True/False questions

  1. framing effectConsists of symbols that convey meaning, plus rules for combining those symbols, that can be used to generate an infinite variety of messages.

          

  2. innateness theory of languageChildren learn language mainly by following an inborn program for acquiring vocabulary and grammar.

          

  3. representativeness biasFaulty heuristic strategy based on presumption that, once a person or event is categorized, it shares all features of other members in that category.

          

  4. phonemesMeaningful units of language that make up words.

          

  5. language acquisition device (LAD)Faulty heuristic strategy that estimates probabilities based on information that can be recalled from personal experience.

          

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