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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. schema
  2. concepts
  3. mental set
  4. grammar
  5. representativeness bias
  1. a The rules of a language.
  2. b Mental representations of categories of items or ideas, based on experience.
  3. c Faulty heuristic strategy based on presumption that, once a person or event is categorized, it shares all features of other members in that category.
  4. d Tendency to respond to a new problem in the manner used for a previous problem.
  5. e A knowledge cluster or general framework that provides expectations about topics, events, objects, people, and situations in one's life.

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. The order of words in a language.
  2. The way an issue is posed; how an issue is framed can significantly affect decisions and judgments.
  3. Inability to perceive a new use for an object associated with a different purpose.
  4. Concepts that represent objects and events.
  5. Cognitive strategies used as shortcuts to solve complex mental tasks; they do not guarantee a correct solution.

5 True/False Questions

  1. event related potentialsBrain waves shown on an EEG in response to stimulation.


  2. algorithmsMeaningful units of language that make up words.


  3. confirmation biasIgnoring or finding fault with information that does not fit our opinions, and seeking information with which we agree.


  4. availability biasFaulty heuristic strategy that estimates probabilities based on information that can be recalled from personal experience.


  5. anchoring biasProblem-solving procedures or formulas that guarantee a correct outcome if correctly applied.


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