5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- availability bias
- innateness theory of language
- a Children learn language mainly by following an inborn program for acquiring vocabulary and grammar.
- b Faulty heuristic strategy that estimates probabilities based on information that can be recalled from personal experience.
- c The order of words in a language.
- d Applying a grammatical rule too widely and thereby creating incorrect forms.
- e Cognitive strategies used as shortcuts to solve complex mental tasks; they do not guarantee a correct solution.
5 Multiple choice questions
- Smallest unit of speech with sound.
- Problem-solving procedures or formulas that guarantee a correct outcome if correctly applied.
- Concepts that represent objects and events.
- Structure in the brain innately programmed with some of the fundamental rules of grammar.
- Brain waves shown on an EEG in response to stimulation.
5 True/False questions
framing effect → Tendency to respond to a new problem in the manner used for a previous problem.
underextension → Use a word too widely.
linguistic relativity hypothesis → Language determines thought.
anchoring bias → Problem-solving procedures or formulas that guarantee a correct outcome if correctly applied.
mental set → Tendency to respond to a new problem in the manner used for a previous problem.