midterm ap psych 9

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getting information into memory

encoding

process of getting information out of memory

retrieval

consciously activated but limited capacity memory

short-term memory

the relatively permanent and limitless storehouse of the memory system

longterm memory

encodinig that occurs with no effor or a minimal level of conscious attention is known as

automatic processing

in an effort to remember how to spell "rhinoceros" sam spells the word aloud 30 times. this technique is

rehearsal

jamille performs better on foreign language vocab test if she studies the material 15 mins every day for 8 days than if she crams for 2 hours the night before the test this is called

the spacing effect

the process by which information is encoded by its meaning is called

semantic encoding

your ability to immediately recognize the voice over the phone as your mothers illustrates

acoustic encoding

semantic encoding is to visual encoding as __ is to___

meaning; imagery

rephrasing text material in your own words is an effective way of facilitating

semantic encoding

a memory aid

a mnemonic device

inorder to remember a list of the school supplies she needs, marcy mentally visualizes each item at a certain location in her house, marchys tactic is

the method of loci

the letter Y M O M R E are presented jill rememebers them by rearranging them to spell the word MEMORY this provides an illustration of

chunking

by creating an outline in which specific facts and theories are located within the larger framework of major topics and subtopics jasmine can remember much more of what she reads in her college textboosk

hierarchial organization

sabrina went to the store for furniture polish, carrots, pencils, ham, sponges, celery, notebook paper, and salami. she remembered to buy all these items by reminding herself that she needed food products that included meats and veggies and that she needed no food products that included school supplies and cleaning aids. sabrina made use of

hierarchial organization

rememebering how to solve a jigsaw puzzle without an conscious recollection that one can do so best illustrates

implicit memory

conscious memory of factual information is

explicit memory

cerebellum is to __ memory as hippocampus is to __memory

implicit explicit

when an eyewitness to an auto accident is asked to describe what happend which test of memory is being used

recall

an eyewithness to a grocery store robbery is asked to identify the suspects in a police liineup. which test of memory is being utilized?

recognition

words events places and emotions that trigger our memory of the past are called

retrieval cues

the eerie sense of having previously experienced a situation is kown as

deja vu

information learned while a person is ___ is best recalled when that person is ___

happy happy

this disruptive effect of prior learning on the recall of new information is called

proactive interference

the finding that people who sleep after learning a list of nonsense syllables forget less than people who stay awak provides evidence that forgetting may involve

interference

who emphasized that we repress anxiety arousing memries

Freud

after learning the combination for his new locker at school, milton is unable to remember the combination for his year old bicycle lock. milton is experienceing the effects of

retroactive interference

professor maslova has many memories of former students that she ahs difficulty remembering the names of new students. the professors difficulty best illustrates

proactive interference

the magical number seven plus or minus two refers to the storage capacity of

short term memory

many of the experimental participants who were asked how fast two cars in a filmed traffic accident were going when they smashed into each other subsequently recalled seeing broken glass at the scene of the acident. this is

the misinformation effect

compared to adults, children are more susceptible to

the misinformation effect

eyewitness accounts of crimes are very

reliable

clive wearings case shows the influence of the ___ memory on habits and well learned skills

explicit

participants in one experiment were given entirely fabricated accounts of an occasion in which they had been lost in a shopping mall during their childhood. many of these participants later falsely recollected vivid details of the experience as having actually occured. this is

the misinformation effect

after learning the combination for his new locker at school, milton is unable to remember the cominnation for his year old bicycle lock. milton is experiencing the effects of

retroactive interference

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