a war between people of the same country
A medieval organization of crafts workers or trades people.
a form of government headed by a ruler, or monarch, with unlimited power
the act of killing a king
The son of Mary Stuart. She was forced to surrender the throne to him. He became Elizabeth's successor as the king of England.
Lord Strafford, was the " Lord Deputy of Ireland" and served in the Parliament, supporter of King Charles I. Obtained money from the king.
Parliament convened by Charles I in 1640; lasted on and off for 20 years; passed laws that limited power of monarchy
The Cromwell-controlled Parliament that proclaimed England a republic and abolished the House of Lords and the monarchy.
King of England, Scotland, and Ireland (1685-1688). The last Stuart King to rule both England and Scotland, he was overthrown by his son-in-law William of Orange
factory overseers, toolmakers, mechanical drafters, and printers
innocent people convicted of 'witchcraft'. These people had trials, which almost always ended up in death.
New Model Army
was formed in England by the Parliamentarians, during the English Civil War and ended after the Restoration.
A country with a specific form of government.
Church of England
The Anglican church, which unites church and state under the monarchy.
Court of Star Chamber
Established by Henry VII, it enforced torture to be used to force nobles to confess for something.
An act forbidding anyone except members of the Church of England from holding political office or entering the professions
son of James I who was King of England and Scotland and Ireland
he was the archbishop of Canterbury and he supported King Charles I but opposed radical forms of Puritanism, and this resulted in his beheading.
those who continued to support the king
This was the dictator who ruled over England after the English civil war. His death provided the military government collapse of England
the class occupying the highest position in the social hierarchy
body of water that separates France and England
the re-establishment of the British monarchy in 1660
the great fleet sent from Spain against England by Philip II in 1588 that failed miserably
The fallen state of human nature into which all generations of people are born.
laws designed to restrict personal behavior in accord with a strict code of morality, such as no drinking on Sundays, no Christmas, and no games.
a group of religious people who believed that churches should be kept plain and simple.
Duke of Buckingham
the most influential of King James' favorites; controlled royal patronage and sold title of nobility
sat during the reign of King Charles I of England, called short because it only lasted 3 weeks.
supporters of Charles I in the English Civil War
King of England and Scotland and Ireland during the Restoration
included farmers who worked their own land, skilled craftsworkers and some tradespeople, higher than the lower class
Was a famous witch hunter, who called himself the 'Witch-Finder General.' He sentenced many people to death for 'being a witch'.
Divine Right of Kings
a doctrine of political and royal legitimacy. It states that every monarch rules directly from God.
the overthrow of King James II of England by a union of English Parliamentarians.