Pejorative name given to them by their oppostion who felt they were loose in morals and not very religious; were pro-monarchy and conservative
Opponents gave them their name and were making fun of their haircuts and refusal to wear wigs; rebels; some believed monarchy needed to be eliminated
Leader of Roundheads; Member of Pariliament and Army General; eventually became "Lord Protector"
Battle of Naseby
King Charles I taken captive in this battle.
Conducted when it appeared that Parliament was about to consent to the return of the King; removed all members of Parliament from office who supported reinstatement of the King
New Model Army
Conducted Pride's Purge and made it possible for Cromwell to take power
Name given to the Members of Parliament left after Pride's Purge; declared England a commonwealth; abolished monarchy and the House of Lords; Charles I was out of his mind over this!!!
Lord Protector of England, Scotland, and Ireland
Cromwell was effectively one of these while serving as Lord Protector
Limited forms of popular entertainment; eliminated religious and political dissenters; closed theaters
Political theorist and Cavalier who wrote "Leviathan"
Hobbes believed, given the nature of man, this was the only type of government that could work
Took over for Cromwell after his death
New Parliament meets in 1660 and invites Stuarts back to teh throne
Party that believed in republicanism at the time of the Restoration
Party that supported the monarchy at the time of the Restoration
Habeus Corpus Act
One of the great charters of English liberty passed by Parliament in 1679; required that government present the chrages against someone so they could begin their defense
Stuart King put on the throne as a result of the Restoration; during his reign 100,000 in London died of plague in 1665 and the Great London Fire took place in 1666.
Catholic monarch who tried to adopt policies of toleration; had son who was now heir to the throne of England
Parliament removed James II and replaced him with William and Mary; it received its name because it was rather bloodless; results in constitutional monarchy in England
English Bill of Rights
One of the great charters of English liberty passed in 1689; representative government through Parliament is the only legitimate form of government; no taxes without consent of Parliament; Protestants can own guns but Catholics can't
Divine Right of Kings
Belief that Kings and Queens rule as a result of gift from God
Act of Toleration
Passe in 1689, it granted freedom of worship to all non-Anglican christians--except Catholics
Act of Settlement
Established line of succession to the throne; its how the Hanoverian Kings--including King George III--got power in England