When were the oldest maps?
6th and 7th century.
Where was the center for geographic thought?
What is GIS?(Geographic information system)
(Uses "mash up", has layers.) Technology that uses digital map information and stores it in a data-bank.
What did Carl Sauer say?
defined cultural landscape as an area fashioned from nature.
What is cultural landscape?
a combination of cultural features started (by Paul Vidadde la Blanche and Jean Brunhes)
What is a Mercator Map?
distorts shape of continents (Greenland looks the size of South America) most widely used projection, used by ships
What is a Polar Map?
only shows the northern hemisphere (used by pilots.)
What is an Interrupted map?
separated by oceans (hard to read)
What is a Robinson map?
(used in txtbks to represent data) Closest to reality, distorted at poles
What is Large Scale?
Shows a small area with a large amount of detail.
What is Small Scale?
shows a large area with a small amount of detail.
What is folk culture?
practiced by small, homogeneous group living isolated, rural areas origin. Origin-anonymous, unknown dates.
What is popular culture?
large, heterogeneous societies more global connection, widespread distribution. origin: product of econ, technology.
What is an Isoline map?
used to describe distribution, connects points of equal value (weather, population, elevation)
What is an Statistical?
records the actual numbers/occurrences of mapped item per location.
What is an Choropleth?
areas shaded/patterned to shows the measure of statistical variable being displayed.
What is a proportional map?
mapmaker selects a symbol the map maker forms a picture.
What is a Dot map?
a single specified number of occurrences of the item studied shows data, pattern distribution.
uses statistical data transform territory so space so that the largest area on the map is the largest item.
What is absolute location?
an imaginary grid around the world with imaginary lines called longitude and latitude.
What is longitude?
lines that cross at the poles
What is latitude?
lines running around the globe.
What is Relative Location?
situation(Baghdad between Tigris and Euphrates River)
What is Environmental Determinism?
humans are controlled by physical nature
What is Possibilism?
physical environment may limit human actions but people can change it (using technology)
What is the Gravity Model?
(a model that holds that the potential use of a service at a particular location is directly related to the number of people in a location and inversely related to the distance people must travel to reach this site)
a bigger city will attract visitors from far away EX: NYC
The larger the city and more diverse activities it has the move "gravity" or pill it has to bring people from farther away.
2 or more cities will interact the more larger and closer they are to one another
What is Space Time Compression?
the reduction in the time it takes to diffuse something to a distance place, as a result of improved communications and transportation system.
the frequency in which something happens
How many people there are (equation= people/land area)
land suitable for farming
Famers: land (ratio)
Indian Caste System
Keeps order. (5 levels: Brahman, Kshatriya, Vaishya, Shudra, and Harijans)
believed the population was going to outnumber food
What are Neo-Matlthusians and their theories?
(people who agree with him) Countries only entered stage 2 due to medical revolution. Population growth is stripping world of resources
area defined by similar characteristics
everyone shares common characteristics
organized around a node
a place that people believe exists as a part of cultural identity
Stages of DMT
Stage 1: (hunting and gathering) high birth and death NIR=Zero
Stage 2: lower(ish) death rates. High birth rates. NIR=high!
Stage 3- lowered birth and death rates. (moderate)
Stage 4- low birth and death. NIR= zero
Stage 5?- higher deaths than births NIR= negitive
Fill in the Blank: Most migrants go only a __ distance
Longer distance migration favors__ __ destinations
Most migration precedes __ _ __.
Step to step.
Most migration is __ _ __
rural to urban
Each migration flow produces a ___
Most migrants are __ _ __
adult and male
how much a people a population can hold (in a certain area remember bio thingie with the j-curve and the s-curve yeah that)
an area occupied by people
The tendency for cultures to become more alike as they increasingly share technology and organizational structures in a modern world united by improved transportation and communication.
the restriction of a culture from outside influences
EMT Stage 1 (Name, list, go, FIGHT!) (yes i am that bored)
Stage of pestilence and famine (black plague)
EMT Stage 2
receding pandemics (Chorea in NYC)
EMT stage 3
stage of degernerative and human-created diseases
EMT stage 4
delayed degernerative diseases (life expectancy=longer)
EMT Stge 5 (:()
reemergence of infectious and parasitic diseases (evolution, poverty, improved travel)
US immigration patterns (just name the three)
(1607-1800) Colonial Era- Africans and Europeans(N and west)
(1871-1920s) Europeans/asia (East and South, econ opp.)
(1950's-NOW) Latin America/Asia (econ opp)
Name the layers of culture in order
Traits, complex, system, region, realm
What is a cultural trait?
learned behaviors (Fishhook)
What is a culture complex?
traits are realted (EX: Maasi people have cattle)
What is a culture system?
when enough similarities of some culture traits and complexes exist between groups of people. (melting pot, Americans)
What is a culture region?
a portion of the earth's surface occupied by populations sharing recognizable distinctive cultural characteristics
what is a culture realm?
a set of culture regions showing related cultural complexes landscapes (largest one)
Negitive outcomes of globalization of popular culture
It "kills" folk culture with its speed and uniform landscape
Started by Muhammed, In Mekkah
Relocation diffusion- missionaries
Mostly in Africa, Asia, Europe
Language Branches - Indoeuropean family (have fun with this one)
albanian, anatolian (extinct), armenian, balto-slavic, celtic, germanic, hellenic (greek), indo-iranian, italic, tocharian (Extinct)
catholics and protestents
christians and muslims- each got a militia
lots of religions hate each other (christians and muslims)
clans killed each other
Sinhalese and Tamil war
(Rwanda) clans fight for boundaries