Chapter 5 - Medieval Japan

30 terms by simimarla Plus

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Yoritomo

the first shogun

samurai

warriors who were given land so they would fight

animisum

the Japanese religion based on the belief in nature spirits

Who was the shogun

commander of all the emperors military

vassal

the samurai gave an oath to give loyalty to daimyo and in return he would give land

daimyo

powerful military leaders

kamakazi

Divine winds (typhoon) that destroyed mongol ships attacking Japan

Lady Murisaki Shikilou

famous Japanese novelist and poet

constitution

plan of government

Martial arts

sports involving combat and self-defense

Pure Life Buddhism

taught about a happy life after death

Taika

"Great Change" in Japanese government begun by the Yamato

Yayoi

term used for the ancestors of the Japanese people

Jimmu

the Yamato leader in Japan who founded the line of Japanese emperors

Gempei War

the civil war between the Taira family and the Minamoto family

The Nara Period

AD 700s period in Japan

The Tale of Genji

the name of the novel written by Murasaki Shikibu, the first novel ever written

Hokkaido

northernmost of the four main islands of Japan

Origami

the art of paper folding

Gempei War Period

for ten years Japanese warriors fought one another

Yayoi clans

a small warrior group

Prince Shotoku used China as a model for

civilization, religion and government

two main crops that the Japanese farmers grow

rice and wheat

Chinese influenced the Japanese in

government, philosophy and art

single most important belief of the Shinto religion is

Purity

the Japanese power fo the emperors weakened in AD 800s

children were becoming emperors
regents were given the power and then did not want to give it back

most Japanese people believed about religion

each religion met different needs

the emperor created the title of Shogun

to keep Yoritomo loyal

when the Mongols attacked Japan

the kamikazi winds wrecked their boats before they came to attack

feudalism

the bond of loyalty between a lord and a vassal

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