World Geo.-Africa-Video Notes/wkshts (ellebo's)

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what is the name of the place just to the southeast of cairo that is world famous for it's pyramids

giza

why were the pyramids built?

tombs for pharoahs

approximately how many 2.5-ton blocks were needed to build a typical pyramid?

2 1/2 million

what is egypt's second most popular tourist destination after cairo?

luxor

what is the most famous tourist site there?

valley of the kings-underground tombs

who built the massive stone monument at abu simbel on the nile at the bottom of egypt to show southern africans egypt's greatness

pharoah ramses the great

why did powerful pharoahs spend do much energy building the pyramids?

they thought after being mummified they would be living forever so they wanted the tomb to last forever

what was the greatest egyptian (perhaps even world) treasure ever found

king tut's tomb

what spared his tomb from grave robbers?

died as a teenager king-quickly forgotten-nobody knew of him/his tomb

what is the soul of egypt?

the nile

what side of the river is the historic burial ground for egyptians?

the nile's western shore

in addition to looting their possesions meant to accompany them for eternity, how else were mummies mishandled in the past?

rudely manhandled, center of social events-"unwrapping the mummy party", crushed up in powder, collected

where is pharoah ramses the great's mummy today?

tomb in the luxor area, taken to egyptian museum in cairo

how many people gathered at independence square in accra, ghana to see and hear president clinton?

800,000

what did president clinton declare to the ghanians during his historical first address?

we all came out of africa

what were the four goals of clinton's trip to africa? (1st)

work with africa to nurture democracy

what were the four goals of clinton's trip to africa? (2nd)

increase trade and investment in africa

what were the four goals of clinton's trip to africa? (3rd)

resolve the war and genocide that still tear at the heart of africa

what were the four goals of clinton's trip to africa? (4th)

preserve the magnificent natural environment that is left

president clinton expressed regret with rwandan president pasteur bizimungu that...

they did not do as much as they couldve done to stop the genocide

when was the rwandan genocide?

1994

about how long did the genocide last?

less than 4 months

approx. how many people perished in the genocide?

up to a million people

the three biggest issues addressed in the entebbe, uganda summit for peace and prosperity declaration that president clinton signed were what?

deepen efforts to promote rights, work together to build a new economic future where the talents of african people are unleashed, work together to banish genocide

what endangered animal is being helped at the mokolodi nature reserve in botswana?

cheetah

president clinton was in the veld at the mokolodi nature reserve in botswana meaning temperate...

grasslands of s.africa

what did president clinton say about s.african president nelson mandela?

thank god all those years his heart didn't turn to stone and didn't give up dream for s.africa

where (in what country) did the clinton's go on a safari?

botswana

us army special forces help train soldiers from which african country?

senegal

what type of radio broadcasting service did president clinton establish in africa?

radio democracy (voice of africa)

what is the mission of this broadcasting service?

to promote human rights and democracy throughout the continent

president clinton gave rev. jesse jackson what special job regarding africa?

special envoy to africa (ambassador)

what did president clinton visit on goree island, senegal, the last stop of his historical sub-saharan africa tour in 1998?

the last slave house built in 1776 that held africans about to be sent to america as slaves

people who bulit pyramids and were ruled by monarchs called pharoahs

egyptians

pictures and symbols that the early egyptians used fro writing system

heiroglyphs

early egyptians learned how to predict my annual floods-which they depended on for farming

nile river

empire took control of n.africa and ruled until late 1800s

ottoman turkish empire

the european country that took over egypt in 1882 so they could control the suez canal

great britian

led the military officers who overthrew the libyan monarchy in 1969, then adopted anti-western policies

mu'ammar gadhafi

desert nomads who live along the sinai peninsula in egypt

bedouins

official language of every country in n. africa

arabic

the capital of egypt and the largest urban area in all of africa

cairo

the religion that most north africans follow, plays important role in north african life

islam (people are muslims)

nearly all of the people of north africa consider themselves to be arav berbers, berbers meaning...

a culture group that lived in north africa long before waves of arab armies crossed the continent

the aswan dam was bulit in the 1960s just north of lake _______, and ______, egypt's south gate built by ________________, was dissasembled and moved to save it from being flodded

nasser, aby simbel, pharoah ramses the great

the city in morocco that became a center of trade between western africa, arabia and europe is

marrakech

the region in north africa that wants to be independent even though morocco sees otherwise is

western sahara

when and to whom was nelson mandela born?

1918, south african tembu tribe

when did nelson mandela earn his law degree?

1942

what was the role of the ANC during mandela's younger years?

african national congress, main black resistance organization during apartheid

what was the spear of the nation?

branch of ANC committed to acts of sabotage and attacks on targets symbolizing apartheid

what event led to mandela becoming actively involved in the spear of the nation?

after apolice shooting massacre, 1960

why was mandela sentenced to life in prison?

treason-betraying the country, evidence of overthrowing the government

how long was mandela in prison?

over 25 yrs

of those years, how many were spent in isolation in cell #5 on robben island?

18 yrs

how often could mandela send and recieve letters while he was in prison?

twice a year

when was mandela released from prison?

feb. 1990

mandela and deklerk, the south african leader who ordered the release of mandela, were awarded what prize for their efforts to end apartheid?

nobel peace prize-1993

when mandela won the first ever fully democratic presidential election in south africa in 1994, what did deklerk become?

vice president

the liberation struggle in south africa involved liberating the black south africans and what else?

liberating afrikaaners from fear

what was the happiest day in nelson mandela's life as president of south africa and why was this so?

going to the rugby world cup and seeing the nation come together

who did mandela marry on his 80th birthday?

graca mandela-widow of pres. of country above mosambique s.africa

what did mandela do on the 10th aniversary of his release from prison?

2000-he opened a museum honoring his life

what did mandela urge south africans to do in his farewell address to the government in 1999?

build on the country's peaceful transition from white minority rule(apartheid) to democracy

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