a system of social or political ideas
a political theory advocating state ownership of industry
a political system in which the government owns all property and dominates all aspects of life in a country with the goal of full equality
a political system in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who can elect people to represent them
a political theory favoring unlimited authority by a single individual
an autocracy governed by a monarch who usually inherits the authority
a form of government in which the ruler is an absolute dictator (not restricted by a constitution or laws or opposition etc.)
the belief in one god
the belief of multiple gods
the doctrine that all natural objects and the universe itself have souls
love of country and willingness to sacrifice for it
growth to a global or worldwide scale
The procuring of services or products, such as the parts used in manufacturing a motor vehicle, from an outside supplier or manufacturer in order to cut costs
The application of ideas about evolution and "survival of the fittest" to human societies - particularly as a justification for their imperialist expansion.
the stock of basic facilities and capital equipment needed for the functioning of a country or area
Attempt by one country to establish settlements and to impose its political, economic, and cultural principles in another territory.
June 28, 1914: Serbian nationalist Gavrilo Princip assassinates Archduke Franz Ferdinad (heir to A-H throne), Austria knows they have Ger. Help and want quick defeat before other nations could aid caused this ________.
The czar was inept, and the troops could not be supplied was the reason why _____ pulled out of WWI
treaty of versailles
the treaty imposed on Germany by the Allied powers in 1920 after the end of World War I which demanded exorbitant reparations from the Germans
Russian leader who succeeded Lenin as head of the Communist Party and created a totalitarian state by purging all opposition (1879-1953)
Winston Churchill's term for the Cold War division between the Soviet-dominated East and the U.S.-dominated West.
The ideological struggle between communism (Soviet Union) and capitalism (United States) for world influence. The Soviet Union and the United States came to the brink of actual war during the Cuban missile crisis but never attacked one another.
(military) the act of containing something or someone
a United States program of economic aid for the reconstruction of Europe (1948-1952)
an international organization created in 1949 by the North Atlantic Treaty for purposes of collective security
treaty signed in 1945 that formed an alliance of the Eastern European countries behind the Iron Curtain; USSR, Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland, and Romania
The Eastern European nations that remained under the control of the Soviet Union after the Second World War.
the first of the Old Testament patriarchs and the father of Isaac
Religious leader and founder of Christianity
(Old Testament) the Hebrew prophet who led the Israelites from Egypt across the Red sea on a journey known as the Exodus
The Founder of Islam. Muslims believe that Mohammad was God's Last Prophet and that he received the word of God from the angel Gabriel.
reasons for pilgrimage
seeking cures, travel, & remission
(Islam) a Muslim place of worship
a Christian place of worship
a jewish place of worship
an organization of countries formed in 1961 to agree on a common policy for the production and sale of petroleum
the current capital of Israel and an ancient city that is holy to Judaism, Christianity, and Islam
muslim holy land
the fifth pillar of Islam is a pilgrimage to Mecca during the month of Dhu al-Qadah
for Jews, the holiest site in Jerusalem; the only remaining portion of the Second Temple, built in 538 B.C. and destroyed in A.D. 70 by the Romans
(Islam) a fast (held from sunrise to sunset) that is carried out during the Islamic month of Ramadan
five pillars of islam
Faith or belief in the Oneness of God and the finality of the prophethood of Muhammad;
Establishment of the daily prayers;
Concern for and almsgiving to the needy;
Self-purification through fasting; and
The pilgrimage to Mecca for those who are able.
Jewish holy book, the old testament
Christian holy book, old and new testament
Holy book of Islam
• belief in god
• belief in the words of the prophets
• belief that god gave the law to moses
• belief that messiah, the savior to be sent by god, will come someday
• belief that there will be a resurrection of the good "in the world to come"
Trinity-Father, Son, Holy Spirit
Sacraments: baptism, communion, confirmation
Holidays: Christmas and Easter
oldest monotheistic religion
leader of Iran
Iranian religious leader of the Shiites; when Shah Pahlavi's regime fell Khomeini established a new constitution giving himself supreme powers (1900-1989)
Iraqi leader who waged war against Iran
Ethnic group that lives in parts of Iraq and Turkey. They often suffer persecution in both countries, and are currently under the protection of the United Nations in Iraq.
fundamentalist Muslim group, gained power, restored order, but imposed an extreme form of Islam on Afghanistan, supported al-Qaeda
most popular religion
In Buddhism, the basic rules of behavior and belief leading to an end of suffering
four noble truths
1) All life is full of suffering, pain, and sorrow. 2) The cause of suffering is nonvirtue, or negative deeds and mindsets such as hated and desire. 3) The only cure for suffering is to overcome nonvirture. 4) The way to overcome nonvirtue is to follow the Eightfold Path
reincarnated into a godly state of complete bliss and delight and peace; you will achieve this by being good
Ancient Sanskrit writings that are the earliest sacred texts of Hinduism.
the teaching of Buddha that life is permeated with suffering caused by desire, that suffering ceases when desire ceases, and that enlightenment obtained through right conduct and wisdom and meditation releases one from desire and suffering and rebirth
A Hindu god considered the preserver of the world
The Hindu concept of the spirit's 'liberation' from the endless cycle of rebirths.
in Hinduism he was the universal soul, and in the trinity of gods in Hinduism he was the Creator
in Hinduism, the duties and obligations of each caste
founded Buddhism because he didn't like the caste system
the second of four classes of the caste system, traditionally made up of warrior and administrators.
the highest of the four varnas: the priestly or sacerdotal category
third level of the varnas in the Hindu caste system; identifies merchants who engaged in commerce; COMMONERS
a mountain range extending 1500 miles on the border between India and Tibet
a member of the people of Kashmir
traditional division of Hindu society into various categories; there are four main varnas; or classes:Brahmin, kshatriya, vaishya, and shudra; each class contains certain subgroups, resulting in more than three thousand categories.
nomads from Europe and Asia who migrated to India and finally settled; vedas from this time suggest beginning of caste system