A movable bridge on the front of a ship. used to make battle at sea more like battle on land.
Carthaginian military commander who, in the Second Punic War, attempted a surprise attack on Rome, crossing the Alps with a large group of soldiers, horses, and elephants.
ancient city is southeastern Italy where Hannibal defeated the Romans in 216 BC
Roman general who commanded the invasion of Carthage in the second Punic War and defeated Hannibal at Zama (circa 237-183 BC)
Battle of Zama
Fought in 202 BC, marked the final and decisive end of the Second Punic War.
Roman general who was elected as a consul and brought major changes to Roman Political scenes
Roman general and dictator (138-78 BC)
One of Rome's greatest leaders.
A group originating in the Israelites or Hebrews of the Ancient Near East.
The Jewsih hilltop fortess that held out agianst Rome for 2 years. When the Romans finally reached the fortress all of the people had killed thmeselves rather than face the Romans.
the word for leather tent in latin
Heavy-soled military boots worn by the Roman legionary soldiers.
the Roman Shield
A short thrusting sword used in battle
the river that Rome was built on.
the original aristocratic families of Ancient Rome,
Free land-owning citizens of Rome
the highest elected office of the Roman Republic , an appointive office under the Empire
breakup of ancient Roman soldiers, 5,000 foot soldiers and a group of soldiers on horseback
a civilization where the Punic Wars took place.
a famous leader of the salves in the Third Servile War in the Roman Republic
Long period of peace and minimal expansion in the Roman republic 27 BC to 180 AD
silver coin first made in 211 BC of the Roman empire
Battle of Actium
decisive confrontation of the Final War of the Roman republic
Four chapters written in the beginning of the new testament of the bible, each giving an account of Jesus Chris and his life.
Roman gladiator who led the most famous slave revolt in Italy in 73 B.C.
The judge at Jesus' trial and the man who authorized the crucifixion of Jesus Christ.
an Ancient Greek City that later became the primary residence of the Roman Empire.
the Turkish speaking population of the Ottoman Empire who formed the base of the state's military and ruling classes.
the ancient Rome helmet
a javelin commonly used by the Roman army in ancient times.