WWII 1945 & Yalta Conference

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pgs. 783-787

Yalta Conference

FDR, Churchill and Stalin met at Yalta. Russia agreed to declare war on Japan after the surrender of Germany and in return FDR and Churchill promised the USSR concession in Manchuria and the territories that it had lost in the Russo-Japanese War

United Nations

An organization of independent states formed in 1945 to promote international peace and security.

San Francisco Conference

Delegates from the United Nations met in San Francisco on April 25, 1945, to form a world organization strong enough to prevent another global war. Each nation agreed to fulfill its obligations under the Charter, settle disputes peacefully, cooperate in police actions, and help solve world economic and social problems.

Elbe River

U.S. and Soviet soldiers met here at the end of WWII in Europe.

V-E Day

Victory in Europe Day.

Potsdam Conference

The final wartime meeting of the leaders of the United States, Britain, and the Soviet Union was held at Potsdamn, outside Berlin, in July, 1945. Truman, Churchill, and Stalin discussed the future of Europe but their failure to reach meaningful agreements soon led to the onset of the Cold War.

What were the U.S's options for defeating Japan?

-Invade mainland Japan and risk losing a million American lives.
-Use the atomic bomb

Manhattan Project

Code name for the secret United States project set up in 1942 to develop atomic bombs for use in World War II.

Potsdam Ultimatum/ Declaration

Ultimatum from the Potsdam Conference that was issued by the United States, Great Britain and China to Japan offering that country the choice between unconditional surrender and total annihilation.

Paul Tibbits

Captain of the Enola Gay, dropped the atomic bomb on Hiroshima.

Mariana Islands/ Tinian

Base where U.S. forces launched the nuclear attack on Japan.

Enola Gay

the name of the American B-29 bomber, piloted by Col. Paul Tibbets, Jr., that dropped the atomic bomb on Hiroshima, Japan, on Aug. 6, 1945.

Little Boy

Code-name for the first atomic bomb, dropped in Hiroshima.

Hiroshima

City in Japan, the first to be destroyed by an atomic bomb, on August 6, 1945. The bombing hastened the end of World War II.

Nagasaki

Japanese city in which the second atomic bomb was dropped (August 9, 1945).

Bock's Car

Name of the plane that dropped the atomic bomb on Nagasaki.

Fat Man

Name of the second atomic bomb, dropped on Nagasaki.

V-J Day

"Victory over Japan day" is the celebration of the Surrender of Japan, which was initially announced on August 15, 1945.

Why did the U.S. choose to use the atomic bomb?

To speed up Japan's surrender in order to save the million American lives at risk of being lost in the event of a mainland invasion of Japan.

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