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Playon "Lasem"

Central Java, music for shadow puppetry, sléndro.

Bubaran "Kembang Pacar"

Central Java, loud-playing style, pélog. (Haunting. Weird bird-call sounding thing in the back.)

"Kosalia Arini"

Balinese gamelan. (Soft, with occasional frantic notes in background.)

Ladrang "Wilujeng"

Central Java, soft-playing style, pélog. (Has singing and rebab.)

"Begadang II" ("Staying up All Night")

Rhoma Irama (popular dangdut).

Sléndro

5 pitches per octave; intervals close to the same size. (Slendro = Slim = Smaller, so 5 pitches)

Pélog

A tuning system of 7 pitches per octave with small and big jumps between intervals.

Wayang Kulit

Indonesian shadow puppet theatre, accompanied by gamelan music.

Pathet

An organizing musical system in Javanese music, similar to scales or ragas; also a major section of shadow play.

Kempul

Smaller hanging knobbed gong (Java).

Kethuk

Small kettle gong, one for each scale system.

Kenong

Large kettle gong, horizontally mounted (Java).

Bonang

Set of ten, twelve, or fourteen kettle gongs resting horizontally in two parallel rows in a wooden frame.

Saron

(sah-ron) Instrument with six or seven metal slabs, resting on trough resonator (Java, also Bali).

Gambang

Wooden xylophone with a box resonator, soft and delicate sound, played with 2 flexible mallets in parallel octaves.

Slentem

The bass member of the gender family, played with a single large padded mallet.

Suling

An end blown flute typically bamboo.

Rebab

Two-stringed fiddle.

Kendang

Double-headed drum, provides link between dancer and music.

Kempyang

Pair of small kettle gongs, horizontally mounted (Java).

Gongan

A single phrase of music, marked by the gong.

Loud Playing Style

Playing style of Javanese gamelan
includes metallophones, gongs, and drums. Performed outside. No voices. Instruments are made of bronze.

Soft Playing Style

Playing style of Javanese gamelan
includes zither, flute, rebab, and vocalists, but not gongs or metallophones. Instruments are made of iron or brass.

Balungan

The melodic-structural framework in Javanese music. Translates to "bone."

Cyclical Repetition

Structure of Javanese music.

Balinese Music

Binary movement over cyclical repetition; most instruments the same as Javanese gamelan; voices not usual in music.

Gender

A soft instrument with multioctave range. The thin metal bars are suspended by cords above tubular resonators that amplify and sustain the sound. There are two sizes of ______: ______ barung (lower) and ______ panerus (higher).

Mahabharata

(Hinduism) A sacred epic Sanskrit poem of India dealing in many episodes with the struggle between two rival families.

Ramayana

One of two classical Hindu epics telling of the banishment of Rama from his kingdom and the abduction of his wife by a demon and Rama's restoration to the throne.

Gamelan

A traditional Indonesian ensemble typically including many tuned percussion instruments including bamboo xylophones and wooden or bronze chimes and gongs.

Klenengan

Gamelan performance without dance or theater.

Kraton

Palace.

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