Mears English Exam Study Guide- Drama

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Drama Introduction Notes and The Dancers. don't forget the PARTS OF THE STAGE (down-left, up-center etc.) enjoy.

drama

literature enacted in front of an audience by people who play the parts of characters

long before recorded history

drama has been a part of human culture since.......

ancient Greece

first literary dramas were created where?

ritual sacrifices

what was the purpose of the first dramas?

5th century b.c.

Greek playwright Aeschylus added a second actor and drama as we know it was born when?

arena

stage in classical times, dramas were performed in open-air amphitheatres

pagents

stage in medieval times, dramas were performed on flat-bed wagons that could be drawn from town to town

thrust

stage in Elizabethan England, a platform that jutted into an area open to the sky was created

proscenium

stage in the 19th and 20th cent., the "picture stage" became common/ box-like area with 3 walls and a removed "4th wall" through which the audience views the action

comedy

any work with a happy ending/ DOES NOT have to be "funny"

tragedy

originally any story that told of the fall of a person OF HIGH STATUS/ in recent years it has come to mean any play about the downfall of a central character or protagonist

playwright

author of a play/ workman like a carpenter who shapes a play

script

the written form of a play that contains dialogue, stage directions, and divisions (acts, scenes)

dialogue

the speech of actors in a play

soliloquies

speeches given by an actor who is alone on stage

monologue

long speech given by an actor

aside

comment made to the audience but not heard by other actors on stage

acts

major divisions of a drama (ancient rome and elizabethan england had 5 but some modern plays have 1 or 3)

scenes

minor divisions of a drama, usuallyh beginning with the entrance of one or more character

stage directions

notes provided by the playwright to describe how something should be presented or performed on stage

spectacle

all the elements of the drama presented to the senses of the audience

lighting

helps convey the time of day, place, or mood for a scene

costumes and makeup

help actors achieve appearance of a character

set

everything placed on stage to give the audience the impression of a particular setting or time and place

properties

items that can be carried on and off the stage by actors or manupulated by actors during a scene

sound effects

sounds introduced to create mood or to indicate the prescence of something

blocking

act of determining where actors will stand and move on stage

she is determined that horace will have a social life

why does inez arrange for Horace to go to the dance with Emily?

sensitive and considerate

what kind of person is Horace?

they describe how elements in the play should look, sound, and be performed

stage directions help you picture the action of a play becuase....

emily refuses to go with horace to the dance

what happens when horace goes to pick up emily for the dance?

inconsiderate and pushy

what kind of person is inez?

they both meddle in other people's business

in what way are inez stanley and elizabeth crews alike?

he stands up to inez by refusing to break his date with mary catherine

which action best describes horace's growing confidence?

emily's mother, who does not like emily's boyfriend leo, made the arrangements without consulting emily

why doesn't emily want to go to the dance with horace?

it is the natural meeting place where dialogue between characters occurs

why are a number of the scenes staged in the drugstore?

it highlights the location of the action

what major purpose does lighting have in this play?

to enable the action of the play to flow continuously from one area to another

what was the playwright's puurpose in dividing the stage into four acting areas?

they are considerate and encouraging toward each other

why are horace and mary catherine well suited for each other?

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