Latin Prefixes 7-12

52 terms by ABergstein719

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Prefixes E-, Ex-

"out," "from," "away"

Prefixes In-,Im-

"in," "into," "on," "against," "over"

emigrate

move out of a country or region to settle in another

immigrate

move into a foreign country or region as a permanent resident

eminent

standing or jutting out; conspicuous; famous; distinguished; noteworthy

imminent

hanging over one's head; threatening; about to occur; impending

enervate

(literally, "take out the nerves or strength") lessen the strength of; enfeeble; weaken

erosion

gradual wearing away; deterioration; depletion

evoke

bring out; call forth; elicit; produce

invoke

call on for help or protection; appeal to for support

excise

cut out; remove by cutting out

incise

cut into; carve; engrave

exclusive

1. shutting out, or tending to shut out, others
2. not shared with others; single; sole

inclusive

1. (literally, "shutting in") including the limits (dates, numbers, etc.) mentioned
2. broad in scope; comprehensive

exhibit

(literally, "hold out") show; display

inhibit

(literally, "hold in") hold in check; restrain; repress

expel

drive out; force out; compel to leave; banish; eject

impel

driven on; force; compel

implicate

(literally, "fold in or involve") show to be part of or connected with; involve; entangle

impugn

(literally, "fight against") call in question; assail by words or arguments; attack as false; contradict; attack; malign

incarcerate

put in prison; imprison; confine

inscribe

(literally, "write on") write, engrave, or print to create a lasting record; imprint; autograph

insurgent (n.)

one who rises in revolt against established authority; rebel; mutineer

insurgent (adj.)

rebellious; insubordinate; mutinous

Prefix Extra-

"outside"

Prefix Intra-

"within"

extracurricular

outside the regular curriculum or course of study

extraneous

coming from or existing outside; foreign; not essential; not pertinent; irrelevant

extravagant

1. outside or beyond the bounds of reason; excessive
2. spending lavishly; wasteful

intramural

within the walls or boundaries (of a school, college, etc.); confined to members (of a school, college, etc.)

intraparty

within a party

intrastate

within a state

intravenous

within or by way of the veins

Prefixes Contra-, Contro-, Counter-

"against, "contrary"

con (adv.)

(short for contra) against; on the negative side

con (n.)

(used mainly in the plural) opposing argument; reason against

contraband

merchandise imported or exported contrary to law; smuggled goods

contravene

go or act contrary to; violate; disregard; infringe

controversy

(literally, "a turning against') dispute; debate; quarrel

counter

(followed by "to") contrary; in the opposite direction

countermand

cancel (an order) by issuing a contrary order; revoke

incontrovertible

not able to be "turned against" or disputed" unquestionable; certain; indisputable

Prefix Inter-

"between"

intercede

(literally, "go between") interfere to reconcile differences; mediate; plead in another's behalf; intervene

intercept

(literally, "catch between") stop or seize on the way from one place to another; interrupt; catch

interlinear

inserted between lines already printed or written

interlude

anything filling the time between two events; interval; break; intermission

intermediary

go-between; mediator

intermission

pause between periods of activity; interval; interruption

intersect

(literally, "cut between") cut by passing through or across; divide; cross

interurban

between cities or towns

intervene

1. come between
2. come in to settle a quarrel

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