A system in Virginia and Maryland that encouraged the importation of servant workers, it gave 50 acres of land to anyone who paid for passage of a person to the colony.
This was often used by wealthier landowners who paid for the importation of indentured servants.
These people promised to work for several years in the colonies in exchange for transatlantic passage and eventual freedom. They accounted for three-quarters of all European immigrants to Virginia and Maryland in the seventeenth century.
In 1676 led by Nathaniel Bacon, former indentured servants who came into conflict with Indians over land on the western frontier of Virginia rebelled against Governor Berkeley. Berkeley supported the Indians due to his monopoly of the fur trade. Bacon's forces burned down Jamestown. After Bacon's death, Berkeley crushed the rebellion by hanging many participants.
Introduction of Slavery
Dutch traders brought twenty African slaves to Jamestown in 1619. From this, slavery spread to all thirteen American colonies. After 1698, the British monopoly on the American slave trade ended, and American shippers joined the slave trade.
New York Slave Rebellion
1712- Armed slaves set fire to a building. When white colonists gathered to extinguish the blaze, the slaves attacked. In response, slave laws tightened. Gatherings of slaves were banned, masters could punish a slave however they wished (if the slave was not killed or maimed), and any slave handling a firearm would be whipped.
1739- Fifty slaves on the Stono River rebelled and killed about 25 whites. They headed for Florida where they hoped to find refuge but were intercepted by the white militia. This led to a harsher slave code that limited the privileges of slaves to eliminate the possibility of a slave revolt. Slaves would no longer be allowed to grow food, assemble in groups, earn money, or learn to read.
Chesapeak v. New England
Chesapeake- Men outnumbered women 6:1. Settlers in these colonies died ten years sooner than residents of England, primarily as the result of diseases. Families were fragile due to early deaths and pre- marital pregnancies.
New England- Fewer colonists died of disease. They lived ten years longer than residents of England. Longer life span with entire families rather than single individuals led to stronger, more stable families.
Because the Puritan church baptized only the babies born to saints, many first-generation Puritans faced the prospect that their grandchildren would not be baptized. So the church developed this system that baptized children of all baptized adults.
Puritan preachers noticed a decline in the religious devotion of second-generation settlers; to combat this decreasing piety, they preached this type of sermon, scolding parishioners on their waning piety.
Leisler was a prosperous merchant, never accepted by colonial elite. Following the Glorious Revolution, New England collapsed. Leisler proclaimed himself the head of government in NY. He was executed for his reluctance in turning over power to William and Mary's new governor.This rebellion was unsuccessful, but represented tensions between middle class and colonial elite.