Twelve principles of aseptic technique

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aseptic technique exam for surgical tech's

Draped tables are sterile only at...

table height

sterile persons keep within...

sterile areas

a sterile field is created...

as close as possible to the time of use.

sterile areas are continuously...

kept in view

gowns are considered sterile from

axillary line to waist in front including the sleeves to 2 " above the elbows.

microorganisms must be...

kept to an irreducible minimum

destruction of the integrity of a...

sterile field results in contamination

as a sterile package is opened...

the EDGE of the wrapper are considered UNSTERILE

UNSTERILE persons...

aboid sterile areas

Persons that are sterile touch only...

STERILE items or areas; persons who are NOT STERILE touch only UNSTERILE items or areas.

STERILE means...

free of all living microorganisms and spores

An unsterile person should maintain a distance of?

12 inches from the sterile field to minimize accidental contamination.

Micro organisms capable of producing disease are?

pathogens

The surgical hand scrub...

chemically and mechanically reduces to a safe level the number of microorganisms present on the hands and arms

Surgical conscience

an individual's inner awareness of aseptic principals and adherence to aseptic technique in all situations; professional honesty.

If a wrapper falls to the floor...

inspect the wrapper to determine its integrity and if intact; use it.

asepsis

absence of pathogens

modes of contamination

ways by which infecting organisms are transmitted to sterile objects

surgical scrub

process of reducing the number of microorganisms from the hands and arms to a safe level before participating in an operative procedure.

sterile

free of all microorganisms

transient flora

organisms present on the epidermis which have been picked up through contact with other objects

infection

invasion of the body by disease producing microorganisms and the reaction of the tissues of their presence and their toxins

non sterile

presence of microorganisms

strike through contamination

transmission of microorganisms to a sterile field by moisture that has penetrated the sterile barrier

Normal flora

bacterial population peculiar to a particular body location; made up of transient and resident flora

dermis

deep layer of skin, containing sebaceous and sweat glands, blood vessels, nerves, and hair roots.

contamination

to introduce microorganisms to a sterile field

sterile field

area around operative site including furniture covered with sterile drapes and members of the surgical team properly attired

epidermis

outer layer of skin which varies in thickness

resident flora

bacteria which are normally present below the skin

pathogen

microorganisms capable of producing disease

subungal area

area under the fingernail

aseptic technique

procedures which render and maintain an object or area completely free of pathogens; surgical asepsis

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