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Terms the child need to understand.

Synonym

n. A word having the same or almost the same meaning as another word.

Antonym

n. A word that means the opposite.

Context clues

Hints in a sentence or paragraph that help tell what an unknown word means.

Prefix

A group of letters placed at the beginning of a word to change its meaning (ex. re-, dis-, in-, un-).

Suffix

A group of letters placed at the end of a word to change its meaning (ex. -ist, -al, -ive, -ed, -ing).

Author's purpose

The reason the author has for writing. ( Inform, persuade, express ideas and feelings, and entertain).

Sequence

Order of events/ order in which things happen.
- Dates, times, and clue words (first, then, next, and last) help understand order of events.
- Two events may happen at the same time (clue words: meanwhile, during, while, as).

Fact

This is a statement that can be proved to be true or false by looking in a reference book, asking an expert, or using knowledge or experience.

Opinion

Cannot be proven to be true or false, it is a belief or judgement (contains words like: best, should, beautiful).

Homonyms

Words that have the same spelling and the same pronunciation, but have different meanings.

Setting

Where and when the story takes place.

Theme

Meaning of the story.

Cause

Why something happens.

Effect

What happens as a result of a cause.

Compare

How are they alike.

Contrast

How are they different.

Plot

The events that take place in a story.

Main Idea

The most important idea in the story.

Supporting Details

Small pieces of information that tell about the main idea.

Plural

More than one

Singular

One

Verb

shows action or state of being

Adjective

Word that describes a noun.

Noun

Names a person, place, thing, or idea.

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